Lab Tests (General DX) Flashcards Preview

Part 2 Irene Gold Board Review > Lab Tests (General DX) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab Tests (General DX) Deck (43):
1

Acid Phosphatase
(PAP)

Ind= Increased: Prostatic carcinoma

2

Albumin/Globulin (A/G) Ratio

Ind= Reversed: Multiple Myeloma

3

Alkaline Phosphatase

Ind= Increased: Osteoblastic lesions, hepatic disease, HPT

4

Amylase

Ind= Increased: Acute Pancreatitis

5

ANA (FANA)

ind= Collagen disease ( SLE, Scleroderma)

6

Antistreptolysin - O (ASO) Titre

ind= rheumatic fever, acute glomerulonephritis

7

Bilirubin

ind= Direct- hepatitis, duct obstruction
Indirect- hemolytic disease

8

BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen)

ind= Increased: Renal Disease, dehydration, hypotension, urinary tract obstruction
Decreased: hepatic disease, pregnancy

9

Calcium (Ca)

ind= Increased: Muscle weakness, hyperparathyroidism, hypervitaminosis D, metastatic disease
Decreased: Muscle tetany, Chvostck's Sign, renal failure, malnutrition

10

CPK (Creatine Phosphokinase)

CK BB: Brain Tissue
CK MB: Myocardial Tissue
CK MM: Skeletal Muscle
Increased: Muscle necrosis

11

Creatinine

ind= increased: kidney disease, hypovolemic shock
decreased: muscular dystrophies

12

C-Reactive protein (CRP)

ind= increased: tissue necrosis, infections, RA

13

ELISA

screening test for AIDS

14

Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)

ind= Increased: infection, RA, TB, temporal arteritis, MM
Decreased: Sickle cell anemia, polycythemia

15

Fluorescent Treponema Antibody (FTA)

Present with Syphillis

16

Glucose (Blood)

ind= Increased: DM, Cushing's, renal/liver disease
Decreased: insulin overdose, Addison's, starvation

17

Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT)

ind= Liver cell dysfunction and alcohol induced liver disease

18

Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT)

Used for diabetes testing

19

Glycosylated Hemoglobin

tests ability to utilize glucose over 2-3 month period. (monitor)

20

Heterophile (Paul Bunnel)

ind= Increased: Mono, viral meningitis

21

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)

ind= Increased: Hydatidiform mole, Choriocarcinoma, Seminoma, multiple pregnancy, testicular teratoma
Decreased: ectopic pregnancy, threatened abortion

22

Human Leukocyte Antigen Locus (HLA) B27

Marker on 6th chromosome from birth.
AS, Reiter's, PA, Enteropathic Arthritis

23

HDL Cholesterol

ind= Increased: low risk of coronary heart disease
Decreased: High risk of coronary heart disease

24

I-131 Uptake

ind= Increased: Hyperthyroidism, endemic goiter
Decreased: Hypothyroidism, thyroid cancer

25

Immunoelectophoresis

M-Spike indication Multiple Myeloma

26

Ketones

ind= Diabetic acidosis, starvation

27

Lactic Dehydrogenase (LDH)

ind= Increased: Myocardial Infarction, CHF, Muscular dystrophy
Decreased: cancer therapy

28

Lipase

ind= Increased: acute pancreatitis

29

Lipids (cholesterol)

ind= Increased: early starvation, diabetes mellitus
Decreased: late starvation, liver disease

30

Lipids (tyiglycerides)

ind= Increased: hyperlipidemia, DM, atherosclerosis
Decreased: Cirrhosis, malabsorbtion

31

LE Cell

ind= active systemic lupus erythematosus

32

Phosphorus

ind= Increased: acromegaly, kidney disease, hypervitaminosis D
Decreased: rickets, hypovitaminosis D, hyperparathyroidism

33

Protein

ind= Increased: MM, diabetic acidosis
Decreased: liver disease, kidney syndromes

34

Protein (CSF)

ind= Increased: viral meningitis

35

Prothrombin Time

ind= Increased: Vitamin K deficiency, hepatocellular disease

36

RA Latex

+ indicates: RA, SLE, TB, Cancer, Sjorgren's, Still's disease

37

Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (SGOT/AST)

ind= Increased: Myocardial Infarction, liver conditions, muscular dystrophy

38

Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase (SGPT/ALT)

ind= Increased: hepatitis, myocardial infarction

39

Triiodothyronine (T3)
Thyroxine (T4)

ind= Increased: hyperthyroidism, pregnancy
Decreased: Cirrhosis, hypothyroid

40

Treponema Pallidum Immobilizing Agent (TPI)

Syphilis

41

Uric Acid

ind= Increased: Gout, renal failure

42

Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL)

Serologic screening for syphilis

43

Western Blot

Specific test for AIDS