Lab Textbook Chapter 2/Lab 1 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy & Physiology I Lab > Lab Textbook Chapter 2/Lab 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab Textbook Chapter 2/Lab 1 Deck (31):
1

Nervous System

Controls body functions, homeostasis, responds to stimuli

2

Nervous System

Brain

Controls body functions/integrates information

3

Nervous System

Spinal Cord


Communciation area, reflexes

4

Cardiovascular System


Transports water and CO2 away from cells and nutrients and O2, among other substances, towards cells, contains blood (connective tissue), WBCs

5

Cardiovascular System

Heart

Pumps blood to lungs and the entire body

6

Cardiovascular System

Inferior Vena Cava


Returns deoxygenated blood to the heart from the lower part of the body

7

Cardiovascular System

Descending Aorta


Carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the lower part of the body

8

Respiratory System

Brings O2 in and CO2 out of the body

9

Respiratory System


Trachea

Conduit for O2 and CO2

10

Respiratory System

Left Lung


Area of gas exchange

11

Respiratory System

Right Lung

Area of gas exchange

12

Respiratory System

Left Primary Bronchus

Conduit for O2 and CO2

13

Respiratory System

Right Primary Bronchus

Conduit for O2 and CO2

14

Respiratory System

Diaphragm

Causes thoracic cavity pressure to decrease allowing lungs to inspire air, relaxation causes exhalation

15


Digestive System

 

Ingestion, digestion, absorption of foodstuffs, elimination of solid wastes

16

Digestive System
 

Esophagus


Conduit for food

17

Digestive System

Stomach


Digest protein and stores and mixes food

18

Digestive System

Pancreas

Makes alkaline, pancreatic juices, and digestive enzymes

19


Digestive System

Liver

Processes nutrients, stores glucose as glycogen, produces bile and detoxifies

20

Digestive System

Gall Bladder


Stores bile

21

Digestive System

Small Intestine

Produces digestive enzymes and has infoldings of inner surface for absorption of digested food, distal end has lymphoid tissue to destroy accumulated bacteria

22


Digestive System

Large Intestine


Reabsorbs water and electrolytes, bacterial flora makes vitamins

23

Digestive System

Cecum


Proximal portion of the large intestine

24

Digestive System

Vermiform Appendix


Vestigal appendage, prone to infection resulting in appendicitis

25


Digestive System

Mesentery

Covering organs, part of it is seen here- Serous membrane netting that allows blood vessels and nerves to supply abdominal cavity organs, suspends organs

26

Digestive System

Rectum

Conduit for solid wastes

27

Digestive System

Anus


Opening of the alimentary tube for discharfe of solid waste

28


Endocrine System

 


Production of hormones, homeostasis

29

Endocrine System

Right Adrenal Gland


Produces hormones

30

Endocrine System

Left Adrenal Gland


Produces hormones

31

Endocrine System

Thyroid


Produces hormones