Lab Values Notes Flashcards Preview

PHARMACY PRACTICE IV (PHAR 740 F2016) > Lab Values Notes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab Values Notes Deck (17):
1

Sodium

Watershift

2

Potassium

Affects AP: muscle&nerve excitability.

3

Hypokalemia

Shift: insulin &dextrose (into the cell) Deficit: diet, meds, vomiting, diarrhea

4

Hyperkalemia

Shifts: injuries, burns, hemolysis
Increased intake, decreased output(renal failure, drugs)

5

Chloride

Follows sodium

6

Bicarbonate

pH assessment

7

Metabolic alkalosis sx

HA, lethargy, tetany

8

Metabolic acidosis

Hyperventilation, vomiting

9

BUN

Renal function and hydration status

10

Serum Creatinine

Kidney function

11

Magnesium

Involved in neuromuscular and enzymatic functions. Linked with potassium (inverse)

12

Calcium

Neuromuscular activity, endocrine function and bone health. Bound to serum albumin

13

Corrected Ca

[0.8 x (4mg/dL-Alb] +Ca

14

Hypercalcemia

Kidney stone, constipation. Might be due to vit.D toxicity

15

Hypocalcemia

Tetny and parastasis (numbness tingling)

16

Phosphate

Inversely linked to Ca

17

Albumin

Binds ions (Ca) and drugs. Produced by liver