Pain Objectives Flashcards Preview

PHARMACY PRACTICE IV (PHAR 740 F2016) > Pain Objectives > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pain Objectives Deck (29):
1

ADL

Activities of daily living

2

QOL

Quality of Life

3

ALL

Acute lymphocytic leukemia

4

CLL

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

5

AML

Acute myelogenous leukemia

6

CML

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

7

CIS

Carcinoma in situ

8

Bx

Biopsy

9

Mets

Metastases

10

PSA

Prostate specific antigen

11

Somatic Pain

Activation of pain receptors on the skin or the musculoskeletal tissues,
often a dull pain or ache

12

Visceral Pain

Pain from damage to an internal organ. Can be dull, ache, pressure,
squeezing or diffuse

13

Neuropathic Pain

Pain caused by damage to the brain or nervous system. Described as
“pins and needles,” shooting, tingling, stinging or burning.

14

Carcinoma

Cancer of epithelial tissue

15

Antineoplastic

Agent that prevents tumor growth

16

Lipoma

Cancer of fatty tissue

17

Lymphoma

Cancer of the lymph tissue

18

Melanoma

Tumor caused by melanocytes

19

Metastasis

Tumor growth beyond its original site (pl. metastases)

20

Neoplasm

New growth (tumor)

21

Oncology

The study of tumors

22

Carcinogenesis

Cancer formation

23

Hyperplasia

Abnormally increased development referring to quantity of cells

24

Leukemia

Cancer of leukocytes

25

Four A’s to monitor patient


• Analgesia
• Activities of daily living
• Adverse effects
• Aberrant drug-related behaviors

26

Be able to state and explain the most reliable indication of pain

Accept the patient’s self-report, which experts state is the most reliable indicator of pain

27

Know and be able to explain some of the differences and challenges of evaluating pain in a geriatric population

In older adults, confusion, restlessness, fatigue, or irritability may all arise from conditions causing pain.

Older patients are less likely to report pain, leading to undue suffering, depression, social isolation, physical disability, and loss of function.

28

Persistent Pain

Lasts more than 3 months
Often associated with psychological or functional impairment
Can fluuctuate in character and intensity over time Common causes: arthritis, cancer, claudication,
leg cramps, neuropathy, radiculopathy

29

Acute Pain

Distinct onset Obvious pathology
Short duration
Common causes: postsurgical,
trauma, headache