Lab values quick references Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab values quick references Deck (19):
1

What are parameters for Hb?

Normal: female = 14-18, male = 12-16
- 8-10 = low exercise tolerance
- <8 = NO PT

2

Increased Hb and decreased Hb is due to?

Incr = dehydration, liver disease
Decr = anemia, cord injury, blood loss

3

What are parameters for WBC?

5-11K

4

What are parameters for Hct?

Normal: female = 42-52%, male = 33-48%
- <20% = NO PT

5

Increased Hct and decreased Hct is due to?

Incr = dehydration, COPD, altitude exposure
decr = anemia, hemorrhage, cirrhosis

6

What are parameters for platelets?

Normal: 150k-450k
- <5000 = NO PT
- 5-20k = AROM/ ADLs
- 20-50k = light PRE
- 50-150k = mod PRE

7

What is decr platelets due to?

spontaneous bleeds

8

What are parameters for Na+?

136-145
- maintains membrane electrical potential

9

What sx are seen with decr Na+? incr Na+?

decr = weakness
incr = thirst, agitation

10

What are parameters for Cl-?

36-107
- maintains electroneutrality

11

What sx are seen with decr Cl-? incr Cl-?

decr = vomiting, K+ deficiency
incr = anxiety, dehydration

12

What are parameters for BUN?

10-21

13

What sx are seen with decr BUN? incr BUN?

decr = over hydration, liver damage
incr = infection, fever, vomiting

14

What are parameters for K+?

normal: 3.5-5.0
- <3.2 or >5.1 = NO PT

15

What sx are seen with decr K+? incr K+?

decr = decreased m contraction
incr = incr contract of heart (tetany)

16

What are parameters for CO2?

Normal: 24-30
- if <10 or >40 = NO PT
- regulates ventilation

17

What sx are seen with decr CO2? incr CO2?

Decr = hyperventilation
Incr = acidosis (unless pt wit COPD)

18

What are parameters for CRE?

Normal: .5-1.4
- indicate kidney failure
- doesn't usually contraindicate PT but may result in decr endurance

19

What are parameters for Glu?

Normal: 70-125
- <60 or >300 = NO PT
- fuel for nerves