Flashcards in Lab values quick references Deck (19):
What are parameters for Hb?
Normal: female = 14-18, male = 12-16
- 8-10 = low exercise tolerance
- <8 = NO PT
Increased Hb and decreased Hb is due to?
Incr = dehydration, liver disease
Decr = anemia, cord injury, blood loss
What are parameters for WBC?
What are parameters for Hct?
Normal: female = 42-52%, male = 33-48%
- <20% = NO PT
Increased Hct and decreased Hct is due to?
Incr = dehydration, COPD, altitude exposure
decr = anemia, hemorrhage, cirrhosis
What are parameters for platelets?
- <5000 = NO PT
- 5-20k = AROM/ ADLs
- 20-50k = light PRE
- 50-150k = mod PRE
What is decr platelets due to?
What are parameters for Na+?
- maintains membrane electrical potential
What sx are seen with decr Na+? incr Na+?
decr = weakness
incr = thirst, agitation
What are parameters for Cl-?
- maintains electroneutrality
What sx are seen with decr Cl-? incr Cl-?
decr = vomiting, K+ deficiency
incr = anxiety, dehydration
What are parameters for BUN?
What sx are seen with decr BUN? incr BUN?
decr = over hydration, liver damage
incr = infection, fever, vomiting
What are parameters for K+?
- <3.2 or >5.1 = NO PT
What sx are seen with decr K+? incr K+?
decr = decreased m contraction
incr = incr contract of heart (tetany)
What are parameters for CO2?
- if <10 or >40 = NO PT
- regulates ventilation
What sx are seen with decr CO2? incr CO2?
Decr = hyperventilation
Incr = acidosis (unless pt wit COPD)
What are parameters for CRE?
- indicate kidney failure
- doesn't usually contraindicate PT but may result in decr endurance