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Flashcards in Laboratory Related Terms Deck (58)
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1

Needle gauge

Gauge = diameter; smaller gauge = fatter needle

2

sterile

Without contamination by microorganisms

3

waived tests

lowest level of lab tests according to the Clinical Lab Improvement Amendment

4

clotting factors

13 major an many minor proteins in the blood that help a patient clot (help coagulation occur)

5

hemolysis

The "lysis" or bursting of red blood cells. Ruins potassium tests

6

centrifuge

An instrument that spins samples to separate cells from liquid

7

iodine

An antiseptic sometimes used in drawing blood cultures

8

septicemia

Infection in the blood

9

bacteremia

bacteria in the blood

10

glucosuria

glucose in the urine

11

anemia

literally means "without blood" but refers to a condition when red blood cells aren't able to deliver enough oxygen to the tissues

12

hematocrit

A calculation of the % RBC per whole volume of blood

13

basilic

A vessel of the forearm sometimes used for venipucture

14

diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a disease in which sugars can't be broken down due to an insulin problem

15

antibody

A substance that can be made in the blood in response to exposure to an antigen

16

patient's bill of rights

An extension of the American Hospital Associations pledge to protect patients when under medical care

17

fasting

not eating or drinking

18

malpractice

Intentional wrongdoing

19

venule

the name for the smallest veins

20

hemoglobin

the chemical inside RBC's that carries oxygen to tissues

21

time dependent

A test that is time dependent must be drawn at specified times, i.e. after a drug is administered, or at certain times of the day.

22

hyponatremia

low levels of sodium in the blood

23

hypernatremia

high levels of sodium in the blood

24

median cubital

The vein most commonly accessed in the adult arm for venipuncture

25

vaccination

An injection ( or oral) that provides protection from infection with microorganisms

26

evacuated drawing tubes

Vacutainers or blood collection tubes

27

tourniquet

A stretchy band that is tied on the arm of a patient before blood collection by venipuncture to allow blood to pool in the veins of the arm

28

electrolytes

The cations and anions that are found in the blood; K, Na, CO2, Cl and more

29

hematuria

the presence of blood in urine

30

medical ethics

The study of right and wrong action in a medical issue