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Flashcards in Language Deck (18):
1

What is the difference between non-human animals language and human language 3

Complexity
Structure
Productivity

2

5 components of language are:

Pragmatics,
semantics,
syntax,
morphology,
phonology

3

Phonology

Languages different sounds

4

Morphology

Study of words I.e suffixes and prefixes

Suffix - letter after word
Prefix - letter before word

5

Syntax

Study of sentences and phrases I.e how people put words in certain order to create sentences to communicate

6

Semantics

Meaning of the sentence

7

Pragmatics

Social aspects of language I.e
Facial expressions and indications of conversation endings

8

What did Noam Chomsky believe?

That language is inherited knowledge by genetics

9

What is the interactionist theory?

We learn language from our environment and it’s not genetic however both environment and genetics is important

We were born with the capacity to learn language but specific components are learned from the environment

10

Stages of language: 4

1. Pre-linguistic stage
2. Holophrase stage
3. Two-wed sentence stage
4. Multiple word stage

11

Pre-linguistic stage:
Period
Behaviours

First 12 months
Infants make eye contact
Babble
Learn sound of language
Work out which sounds belong to their language

12

Holophrase stage

10-13 months
Infant produces first words
Beginnings of syntax

13

Two word sentence stage

18 months
Noun and another word

14

Multiple word sentence

2 years old
Infant uses function words and grammatical morphemes

15

What are the parts of the brain that support learning and language?

Inferior frontal gurus, brocas and wernikes area

16

What does damage to wernikes area cause?

Fluent in speech but what they say doesn’t make sense. They don’t know that what they are saying is wrong because they don’t understand what they’re saying

17

Role of brocas region?

Syntax

18

Role of wernikes region?

Processing meaning