Flashcards in Language Deck (18):
What is the difference between non-human animals language and human language 3
5 components of language are:
Languages different sounds
Study of words I.e suffixes and prefixes
Suffix - letter after word
Prefix - letter before word
Study of sentences and phrases I.e how people put words in certain order to create sentences to communicate
Meaning of the sentence
Social aspects of language I.e
Facial expressions and indications of conversation endings
What did Noam Chomsky believe?
That language is inherited knowledge by genetics
What is the interactionist theory?
We learn language from our environment and it’s not genetic however both environment and genetics is important
We were born with the capacity to learn language but specific components are learned from the environment
Stages of language: 4
1. Pre-linguistic stage
2. Holophrase stage
3. Two-wed sentence stage
4. Multiple word stage
First 12 months
Infants make eye contact
Learn sound of language
Work out which sounds belong to their language
Infant produces first words
Beginnings of syntax
Two word sentence stage
Noun and another word
Multiple word sentence
2 years old
Infant uses function words and grammatical morphemes
What are the parts of the brain that support learning and language?
Inferior frontal gurus, brocas and wernikes area
What does damage to wernikes area cause?
Fluent in speech but what they say doesn’t make sense. They don’t know that what they are saying is wrong because they don’t understand what they’re saying
Role of brocas region?