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Early Speech Development > Language & Literacy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Language & Literacy Deck (12):
1

Infants and toddlers learn to read the world as (4):

Safe or scary
Responsive or threatening
Caring or neglectful
Colorful or bland

2

Stimulation from _ and _ environments
influence brain development, as do _ forces

Physical and social environments
As do negative forces

3

Brain _ is greatest during the childhood years.
The brain organizes and develops rapidly at this stage.

Plasticity

4

Infants show more _ brain activity in
response to language, but as they develop, neural
regions become more _ for different aspects of
language.

Generalized, specialized

5

Children’s brains are hardwired to develop language
with little _ support; however the quality
of the language development and it’s characteristics
depend on a children’s _

Environmental support
Depends on a children's environment

6

Newborns are able to differentiate between:

Some consonant and vowel sounds
Loudness, pitch and intonation
Sounds of different languages

7

When parents model language rich in _ vs. a _ style the child is exposed to diverse vocabulary and complex syntactic structure.

Description vs. directive

8

What is it called when a child uses one word for many exemplars?

Overgeneralization

9

What is it called when a child uses a word for something specific (e.g. thinking that "shoe" only means the exact shoe that is in front of them)

Over restriction

10

T/F Bilingual children progress to 2-word sentences at the same time a monolingual children

T!

11

What is an example of a positive, specific comment?

"I see you drew two trees" instead of "I like what you drew"

12

Give an example of an open ended question

"Tell me about your city" instead of "Did you draw a city?"