Late Life Families-Death and Loss Flashcards Preview

Human Development > Late Life Families-Death and Loss > Flashcards

Flashcards in Late Life Families-Death and Loss Deck (16):
1

Aging and SES

-More health issues variable by race/SES. Aging is harder if you are poor/black

2

Heterogeneity

-Age means less as a marker as you get older.
-Extended middle age- healthier older.
-Varied pathways through later life. (Multiple marriages, co-habitation, single living etc).

3

Ageism

-Limits accurate views of older adults.
-Aging individuals have a long history of of strengths, competencies, and coping strategies, but are rarely acknowledged for this....therapy needs to be strengths based.
-current culture worships the young.
-elderly stereotyped as old-fashioned and boring.
-Adult children may be patronizing and controlling.
-Important for mental health professional to check their own bias about elderly people.

4

Depression and Dementia

Are NOT normal parts of aging.

5

Larger Vision of Older Life

change, growth, and new learning occurs.
-older brain is more complex
-traditional norms, rules and rituals are less encompassing and restrictive.
-search for greater meaning in life.
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6

Tasks (of Later Life)

-Grieving losses and facing mortality
-managing physical heal
-financial security and "estate" planning
-reinventing oneself and one's future
-awareness of past deficiencies, hurts and disappointments are put into perspective = wisdom.
-adapting to new structures and roles.
-defining a new sense of purpose and meaning
-using leisure time for new learning and experimentation or enjoying already established hobbies/pursuits.

7

Good Aging

-Established neurological patterns can make new tasks difficult-negative plasticity
-Those who are most happy report being freer to be themselves.
-humor, compassion, curiosity, commitment contribute to sense of integrity.
-Older adults with a greater purpose in life have reduced risk of Alzheimer's and mild cognitive impairment.
-Research finds link between social support and longevity.

8

Aging and Loss

-social roles and respect
-income
-relatives and friends, beloved pets
-physical health
-family bonds are central.

9

Family Bonds

-Intergenerational bonds are mutually beneficial. -Old wounds may need to be addressed. Families provide most social interaction and support for elderly family members.
-Importance of sibling relationships over lifetime
-Companion animals.
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10

Grandparenthood

-generativity of grandchildren eases acceptance of mortality.
-Interaction with children adds to appreciation of life and new perspectives
-Special bond not complicated by responsibility, obligations and conflicts of parent-child relationship.
-When Grandparents are the primary caretakers of their grandchildren, this may complicate their role transition and take a toll on their own health and well-being. (Positive or Negative).
-Offers opportunities for reconnection with children and healing of old intergenerational wounds.

11

Role Transitions

Retirement: loss or freedom or both.
-Are expectations about grandparenting shared?
-Increasing Dependence.
-Loss of driver's license can be devastating for an older client.
-"Boomerang" adult children moving back home (often with children) as parents look forward to retirement due to financial stress.
-With increasingly complicated families the question of who assumes responsibility for care?

12

Widowhood

-Men tend to be less prepared for widowhood but women tend to have less financial resources and remarriage prospects.

13

Retirement

-Loss of identity/status/income
-Time for relationships and interests (old and new)
-Work no longer serves as a diversion so whatever personal or interpersonal issues are unresolved may loom.
-Role shifts in the couple relationship.

14

Care-giving

Increasingly, adult children past retirement age, with limited resources are caring for their elders.
-Lack of useful management guidelines by medical specialists can contribute to confusion and frustration (lower SES caretakers may feel less entitled to demand clear guidelines.
-Important to understand caregivers responses.
-Problematic

15

Stress Process Model

Stress comes from both the objective and subjective components of the process of providing care.

16

Dementia and Caregiving

-spouses with more realistic expectations have fewer negative consequences.
-Loss of identity.