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Flashcards in Adoption Deck (14):

Current Trends (in adoption)

-Open adoptions along a continuum
-Adoption over long term foster care
--older children with traumatic backgrounds
--attachment issues common the larger the child is not in a single family context
-Adoption from Abroad


Adoption From Abroad

-Adequacy of care varies tremendously.
-records may be incomplete or inadequate
-higher incidence of disrupted attachment
-Physical differences make adoption public


Adoption Process

-Commonly involves loss as an issue at the beginning.
-Public or Private
-Domestic or International
-Process involves a home study training and unclear waiting period.
-Can be expedited if willing to adopt older child, mixed race child, or with some significant disabilities.



The younger the adoption the better.
-typically do not experience loss until age 8
Later-children lose relationships with biological family, friends, pets, foods, customs, surroundings,
- issues of match are key
-answering to outside agencies


The Family Story

-important to start talking about adoption story early
-how the story is told and added to overtime as developmentally appropriate is key.
-Biological siblings may experience exasperated sibling rivalry.


Infancy and Toddlers

-The ability to converse openly is key
--"goodness of fit" issues
--parental loss of idealized biological child
--reasons for adoption and preparedness for the resultant issues
-celebration of the "gotcha day"


School Age Children

-Adaptive Grieving: working through abandonment issues
-Family projects in school



-Identity issues
-idealization of birth parents
-wondering what if
-integration of parts from both families
-more conflict is common


Adult Adoptee

Continuing identity issues
-searching for birth parents
-maintaining relationships with real parents


Difficult to place adoptions

-Child over age 5
-minority/mixed race children
-physically, emotionally or developmentally disabled.
-Sibling groups
-General issues
--Attachment issues, trauma, preparedness for the enormity of difficulties.


International Adoptions

physical, cognitive and mental health issues
-communication issues
-culture shock
-cultural integration of the whole family, not just the adoptee
---food and language and music
-Issues in adolescence with pressures towards conformity.
Goal=true bi-cultural identity.


Transracial Adoptions

24-40% of all adoptions. Lots of public opinions "color blind" ideals diminish the importance of race in our culture. Child may grow up as a minority in their immediate social context and the family.


What helps?

Positive ties to child's cultural and racial community
-creating multicultural identity shared by all family members
-connecting to other multicultural families and activities.
-openly discussing and acknowledging racism/prejudice.


Resiliency in Adopted Families

Marital stability and shared parental values
-open communication, structure, warmth, and flexibility.
-realistic expectations of adoption
-parents perception of difficulties as problems to be solved not signs that adoption is failing.
-empathy toward child's experience.