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Superpower Relations: 1941 - 1991 NEW > Leaders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Leaders Deck (13)
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1
Q

When did President Roosevelt die and what had his attitude to the USSR been? (2)

A

After the Yalta conference in 1945

He had a good relationship with the leader of the USSR, Stalin.

2
Q

When was President Truman in office and what were his feelings towards Communism/USSR? (2)

A

1945 - 1953.

He was suspicious of Communism and Stalin.

3
Q

What was Truman’s ‘Truman Doctrine’?

A

From 1947 onwards he made it the USA’s issue to help prevent the spread of Communism.

4
Q

When was President Nixon in office and what was his attitude towards the USSR? (2)

A

The 1970s.

He wanted to find a way to build a working partnership with the USSR.

5
Q

When was Jimmy Carter President and what was the ‘Carter Doctrine’ he developed? (2)

A

1976 - 1981.

The Carter Doctrine was a return to ‘containing’ Communism after 1979.

6
Q

When was President Reagan in office and what was his attitude towards Communism and the USSR? (2)

A

1981 - 1989.

He wanted to go further that containing Communism, he wanted to defeat it.

7
Q

What did Stalin want to make sure for the USSR at the end of WW2?

A

He wanted to make sure the USSR was safe from aggression.

8
Q

When did Stalin die?

A

1953.

9
Q

When did Khrushchev’s become leader of the USSR?

A

1956.

10
Q

How was Khrushchev’s time as leader less hardline than Stalin?

A

He wanted peaceful cooperation with the USA but not if it meant being weaker than them.

11
Q

When did Brezhnev become leader of the USSR and what was the purpose of the 1968 ‘Brezhnev Doctrine’? (2)

A

After 1963.

All communist countries could only ‘do’ communism the ay the USSR did.

12
Q

How was Gorbachev different to the other Soviet Leaders?

A

He allowed more openness of the government and he introduced some capitalism into the USSR.

13
Q

Who became President of Russia once Gorbachev resigned in 1991?

A

Boris Yeltsin.