learning aim a Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in learning aim a Deck (53):
1

give 3 primary sexual characteristics for males

- penis and testes enlarge
- spontaneous erections
- testes being to produce sperm

2

give 3 primary sexual characteristics for females

- uterus and vagina grows
- ovaries begin to release eggs
- menstrual cycle commences

3

give 3 secondary sexual characteristics for females

- breasts develop
- redistribution of fat and muscle causing hips to widen
-pubic and under arm hair grows

4

give 3 secondary sexual characteristics for males

- facial, underarm and pubic hair grows
- changes in the larynx causing the voice to deepen
- redistribution of fat and muscle

5

2 fine motor skills of a 3 year old

- can use a pencil to copy letters
- build a small tower with cubes

6

3 gross motor skills of a 3 year old

- use pedals on a tricycle
- balance on one foot
- run

7

an example of a fine motor skill of an 4-6 year old

- dress and undress (including buttons and laces)

8

5 gross motor skills of a 4-6 year old

- throw
- kick
- skip
- hop
- ride a bike

9

an example of a fine motor skill of an 8 year old

- control of small muscles, can draw a detailed picture

10

an example of a gross motor skill of an 8 year old

- good co- ordination and strength means they can take part in various activities and sports

11

gross and fine motor skills of a new born

g- primitive instincts such as a grasp
f - holds their thumbs tucked into their hands

12

gross and fine motor skills at one month

g- lifts chin, some control of head
f- opens hands to grasp a finger

13

gross and fine motor skills at 3 months

g- can lift their head and chest when lying on front
f- can briefly grasp a rattle

14

gross and fine motor skills at 6 months

g- rolls over, can sit up for a short time without support, kicks legs when held up
f- moves objects from hand to hand, can pick up dropped toys in in sight

15

gross and fine motor skills at 9-10 months

g- crawls, begins to cruise
f- uses finger and thumb to hold a small object

16

gross and fine motor skills at 12-13 months

g- stands alone, walks with no help
f- manipulates and places toys

17

gross and fine motor skills at 18 months

g- climbs onto furniture
f- builds a short tower with blocks

18

gross and fine motor skills at 2 years

g- propels a sit on toy with their feet, throws a large ball
f- draws lines and circles, turns a page

19

gross and fine motor skills at 2 and 1/2 years

g- jumps from a low step, kicks a ball
f- uses a spoon and fork

20


define intellectual

1 Language development, which is essential for organising thoughts and to share and
express ideas. It is also important for clarification.
2 Problem solving is an important skill that is required both to work things out and to
make predictions about what might happen.
3 Memory is required for storing, recalling and retrieving information.
4 Moral development allows for reasoning and making choices, and informs the
individual how to act in particular situations and how to act towards self and
others.
5 Abstract thoughts and creative thinking are essential for thinking and discussing
situations and events that cannot be observed.

21

language development at 3 month

Infants begin to make babbling noises as they learn to control the
muscles associated with speech.

22

language development at 12 months

Infants begin to imitate sounds made by carers such as ’da da’. This
develops into using single words.

23

language development at 2 years

Infants begin to make two-word sentences, such as ’cat goed’ (meaning
the cat has gone away). The infant begins to build their vocabulary
(knowledge of words).

24

language development at 3 years

Children begin to make simple sentences, such as ’I want drink’. This
develops into the ability to ask questions, ’when we go?’ Knowledge of
words (vocabulary) grows very rapidly.

25

language development at 4 years

Children begin to use clear sentences that can be understood by
strangers. Children can be expected to make some mistakes with
grammar, ’we met lots of peoples at the shops today

26

language development at 5 years

Children can speak using full adult grammar. Although vocabulary will
continue to grow and formal grammar will continue to improve, most
children can be expected to use language effectively by the age of five.

27

encouraging speech in infants

•• Blow bubbles.
•• Play with puppets.
•• Watch and listen to other
children.
•• Join in with action
rhymes and songs.
•• Look at picture books

28

encouraging speech in adolescence

Read a wide range of
books and journals.
•• Take part in group projects.
•• Discuss ideas.
•• Plan and deliver
presentations.

29

Abstract logical thinking –

the ability to solve problems
using imagination without
having to be involved
practically. This is an
advanced form of thinking
that does not always need a
practical context in order to
take place.

30

Egocentric thinking –

not
being able to see a situation
from another person’s point
of view. Piaget thought that
a young child assumed that
other people see, hear and
feel exactly the same as the
child does.

31

Concrete logical thinking –

he ability to solve problems
providing an individual can
see or physically handle the
issues involved.

32

1-assimilation

the child constructs an understanding or concept (schema)

33

2-equilibrium

the child's experience fits with their schema

34

3-disequilibrium

a new experience disturbs the child's schema

35

4-accommodation

the child's understanding (schema)changes to take into account the new experience

36

4- formal operations

11-18
young people have the capacity for abstract thinking, rational thought and problem solving

37

3- concrete operations

7-11
children use resources to help them to unnderstand the world, such as counters for maths. they classify, categorise and use logic to help them understand.
are capable of conservation no longer egocentric

38

2- pre operational

2-7
children begin to control their environment by using symbolic behaviour, including representational words and drawings and pretend play, but cannnot think logically

39

1- sensorimotor

0-2
learn about their enviroment and develop earl schemas through sense experience

40

asocial

0-3 months
responds to any caregiver

41

indiscriminate

4-7 months
shows preference for primary caregiver but accepts care from others

42

specific

7-9 months
prefers primary caregiver. unhappy w strangers and when separated from primary caregiver

43

multiple

10+ months
develops multiple attachments. attaches to those who responds to them.

44

self image

how individuals see them self
eg skinny may see them self as fat

45

self concept

self image+ self esteem

46

self esteem

how individuals value and feel the knowledge they have about themselves.
eg i cant do it, im not good enough, people dont like me

47

solo play

0-2
engrossed in its own play
rattle, shakers, balls

48

parallel play

2-3 years
playing next to eachother. aware of other children, may copy eachother but dont interact.

49

co-operative play

3-4
share, talk,play together

50

permissive parent

parents are indulgent. they do not attempt to control behaviour

51

disengaged/uninvolved

parents are neglectful and show a lack of interest. there is a poor attachment

52

authoritarian

parents assert their authority. children are controlled

53

authoritive

children are accepted for who they are. there is mutual love and respect.