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Flashcards in learning aim b Deck (19):
1

Brittle bone disease

causes bones to break easily
caused by ONE dominant defective gene

2

Huntington's disease

causes involuntary movement, cognitive and psychiatric disorder
caused by ONE dominant defective gene

3

cystic fibrosis

causes a build-up of thick, sticky mucous that can damage the lungs
caused by 2 recessive defective genes

4

phenylketonuria PKU

causes intellectual disability and development delay
caused by 2 recessive defective genes

5

duchenne muscular dystrophy

causes muscle weakness and wasting resulting in difficulty with motor skills and walking
caused by 2 recessive defective genes

6

down's syndrome

individuals have an extra copy of chromosome 21. this causes characteristic facial features, growth delay and intellectual disability.

7

klinefelter sydrome

boys have an extra X chromosome, causing some problems during, or a delay in puberty

8

colour blindness

caused by mutations in the X chromosome, so is more common in males. It makes it difficult to distinguish colours

9

condition is

an abnormal state of health that impacts on wellbeing

10

disease is

a disorder of the function or structure of the body

11

holmes and rahe

social readjustment rating scale
43 life events listed
e.g. death of a partner= 100
marriage= 50

12

short term effects of bullying
6

stress/anxiety
withdrawal from school
inability to cope with life events
poor self image
love self esteem
eating disorders

13

long term effects of bullying
5

difficulties in forming relationships
poor academic achievement
substance abuse
self harm
increased risk of suicide

14

culture, community and beliefs influence
6

dress
diet
morality
lifestyle
relationships
personal values

15

the 4 principles of social learning

-attention
-retention
-reproduction
-motivation (reinforcement/reward)

16

aim of bandura's experiment

- to show children would copy the behaviour of another person
- the outcome for the adult impacted on the likelihood of the children copying the behaviour

17

positive reinforcement

the behaviour is repeated because of personal satisfaction (intrinsic reinforcement) or rewards (extrinsic reinforcement)

18

negative reinforcement

the behaviour is not repeated to avoid an adverse experience such as being told of or lack of satisfation

19

vicarious reinforcement

children may feel motivated because they see that the person or 'model' they observe is getting satisfaction or positive feedback.