Learning Approaches Ch.10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Learning Approaches Ch.10 Deck (21):
1

Classical conditioning

Stimulus can elicit a response because it becomes associated with a stimulus that automatically elicits the response

2

What's was Watson a claims about babies

To give him a dozen healthy infants and he'll guarantee any 1 at random and train him to be any type of specialist regardless of talents or chants tendencies abilities

3

What does US stand for in psychology terms

Unconditioned stimulus

4

What does CR stand for in psychology terms

Conditioned response

5

What does UCR stand for in psychology terms

Unconditioned response

6

What is generalization

To similar stimuli

Ex: Chloe hears sound of can opener rushed over food because it sounds similar to coffee grinder

7

What is discrimination

Among stimuli that differ

Ex: use coffee Grinder-> food, use can opener-> don't get good

8

What is extinction

The slow unlearning of association

Ex: Chloe doesn't get fed when coffee is ground at night.

9

What is systematic desensitization

•Extinction of learned fears/phobias
•very slowly un learn fears

Ex:
S1:imagine snake in next room
S2:There is a snake next door
Snake in cage in same room
S3:Touch the snake briefly
S4:Hold the snake

10

What is operant conditioning

Change, influence behavior through reward and punishment

11

What is reinforcement

Reward: gold star
Punishment: no tv

12

3 kinds of conflicts

Approach avoidance
Approach approach
Avoidance avoidance

13

Approach avoidance

•Approach stranger- avoid fear of rejection
• fear that my heart stops beating- dang

14

Approach approach

Ex:
Date Lisa or date Kevin
Have whisky or beer

15

What is avoidance avoidance

•Pay visa bill now and be broke, or pay larger bill later
•break up unhappy relationship but be alone

16

What is sign is psychology

It is assumed that underlying traits motives or complexes exist and bring about behavior

17

What is sample in psychology

It is how environmental variables affect frequency intensity duration of behavior

18

What is behaviorism like

Telephone switchboard SR telephone connections

19

What is social cognition like

Info encoded, stores and retrieved

20

What is the critical period for language acquisition

Acquisition during ages 1-5 (Chomsky)

21

What is example of one trial learning/ food aversion

Wife got sick once after having Thai food and haven't eaten at a Thai restaurant for a year