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Flashcards in Lec 2 Deck (9):
1

Edward O. Wilson

famous Harvard entomologist, evolutionary biologist, and behaviorist, that appeared in SCIENCE back in December 1985

2

Taxonomy:

The discovery, recognition, definition, and naming of groups of organisms

3

Systematics:

The study of biological diversity; or, more specifically, the ordering of the diversity of nature through construction of a classification that can serve as a “general reference system

4

Products of systematic research

1. Branching diagrams (i.e., evolutionary trees) 2. Classifications (i.e., species or groups of species placed within named groups

5

Major fish: Myxini:

containing the hagfishes (about 75 species

6

Major fishes : The Cephalaspidomorphi:

the lampreys (about 40 species

7

Major fishes : The Chondrichthyes:

the cartilaginous fishes: sharks, skates, rays, and chimaeras (about 970 species

8

Major fishes: Actinopterygii:

the bony or ray-finned fishes (at least 30,900, but no doubt many more

9

Major fishes: The Sarcopterygii:

the lobe-finned fishes, including 2 living species of coelacanths (the crossopterygian genus Latimeria) and 6 species of lungfishes (as well as all tetrapods