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Is corporal punishment prohibited in NSW?



What is the difference between physical punishment & corporal punishment?

physical punishment results in physical injury - behaviours that do not result in significant physical injury are considered corporal punishment


what are the two largest effect sizes associated with corporal punishment

immediate compliance & victim of child abuse


what behaviours are associated with corporal punishment

moral internalisation
delinquent, criminal & antisocial behaviour
quality of parent-child relationship
mental health
adult abuse of own child or spouse
victim of child abuse


what is spanking

hitting a child with an open hand on the buttocks or other extremities wit the intent to discipline without leaving a bruise or causing physical harm


what are the three views on spanking

1. pro-corporal punishment
2. anti-corpora punishment
3. conditional corporal punishment - a "blanket injunction" against spanking cannot be supported scientifically


what is a criticism of gershoff's meta analysis

indicated that some categorised as involving harsh punishment could be considered physical abuse
1. varied definitions
2. retrospective reports
3. spanking preceeded negative behaviour
4. parents who spank less read more and hug their children more


discuss cultural issues & physical discipline

physical discipline during the first 5 years increased externalising problems in european american children but had no effect on african american children


discuss lansford normative approach

should we outlaw physical discipline based on the act of it (behaviour) or the outcome on the child


what two things did lansford find about normative use in particular countries

1. in a country where physical discipline is less used, when it is used it has more negative effects on the child
2. in all countries high physical discipline associated w/ more negative outcomes


what is an issue about physical punishment that has to be considered

that the adujustment problems of the child might encourage the parent's physical discipline & not always the other way around


what has been found about religious issues & physical punishment

physical punishment is not encouraged spiritually or religiously but more because of the social conformity influences associated with religion


what psych concept are the arguments in favour of spanking similar to

moral disengagement


what did the ho, bluestein & jenkins (2008) study find on cultural outcomes of parental harshness in european & asian canadian families

parental harshness was positively related to child aggression in European Canadian families but negatively to south asian canadian families


What was the overalll finding of ho, bluestein & jenkins (2008) study

for all ethnic groups parental harshness was positively related to children's aggression when parent report of outcomes was used, but the strength varied across groups


what are economically disadvantaged families & working class families like in regards to discipline

-stress obedience & respect for authority
-more authoritarian & power assertion
-less frequent use of reasoning
-less warmth & affection


what are the two major factors that often come up in factor-analytic approaches of parenting & their effects

correlates of parental love & control


what is baurmind's four typologies of parenting



do the same parenting practices lead to the same outcome across cultures

no - authoritarian parenting practices in african-american or chinese-american families (only leads to externalising problems in european children)


what did kerr & stattin (2000) find about parental monitoring

it is important as to how you got parental knowledge from the child - the more you got the knowledge spontaneously (self-disclosure) from the child the better the outcome, solicitation of info = bad


how is the field changing

from looking at authoritative, authoritarian etc. parenting styles to self-disclosure, parental knowledge, responsiveness, behavioural control etc.


what is evidence for the three step model

1. parenting relates to adolescent self-disclosure
2. self-disclosure is positively related to parental knowledge
3. parental knowledge negatively predicts substance abuse and delinquent behaviour


what was the strongest predictor of self-disclosure

responsiveness - e.g. warm, understanding, & personal relationship


what are the four social domain categories relating to disclosure

-prudential issues (adolescents health, safety, comfort etc)
-moral & conventional issues (others welfare, fairness, rights)
-personal issues (control over ones body, privacy, appearance, friendship)
-multifacted issues (eg. watching r rated movies)


according to smetana et al (2009) what was full disclosure associated with

better relationships w/ parents & less depression