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1

ASA 1

Healthy patient, able to walk one flight of stairs with no distress, BP <120-<80

2

ASAII

Mild systemic disease, well-controlled chronic conditions, healthy pregnant woman, Prehypertension & Stage 1 hypertension

3

ASA III

Systemic disease that limits activity but no incapacitating, must stop en route walking one flight of stairs, chronic cardio conditions, controlled insulin dependent diabetes, chronic pulmonary disease, elevated blood pressure, Stage 2 hypertension

4

ASA IV

Incapacitating disease that is a constant threat to life, unable to walk up one flight of stairs, unstable cardio conditions, uncontrolled epilepsy, uncontrolled insulin dependent diabetes, BP >180 ->110

5

ASA V

Patient is moribund and not expected to survive

6

Stress

causes most dental emergencies such as stroke, epileptic seizure or raised blood pressure

7

Amoxicillin dose

2g

8

Cephalexin dose for penicillin allergy

2g

9

Clindamycin dose for penicillin allergy

600 mg

10

Azithromycin or Clarithromycin dose for penicillin allergy

500 mg

11

normal body temperature

96.0 to 99.5 F typically 98.6F

12

Normal respirations

14-20 per minute

13

Normal pulse

60-100 per minute

14

Normal blood pressure

<120-<80

15

pre-hypertension

120-139 over 80-89

16

Stage 1 hypertension

140-159 over 90-99

17

Stage 2 hypertension

>160 over >100

18

Conditions that require antibiotics before dental care

Artificial cardiac valves, joint replacements, previous bacterial endocarditis, transplants

19

Infective endocarditis

an inflammation of the heart valves and lining of the heart as a result of bacterial infection

20

Leukemia

abnormal proliferation of leukocytes

21

Thrombocytopenia

Number of platelets are reduced, most common bleeding disorder

22

Blood thinners

warfarin, coumadin, aspirin, acetaminopnen expect more bleeding

23

Sickle Cell Anemia

Red blood cell disorder, anemic Take folic acid supplement

24

Diabetes

metabolic disorder caused primarily by a defect in the production of insulin by the islet cells of the pancreas resulting in an inability to use carbohydrates, Type I and Type II

25

What is the purpose modified stillman's method

plaque removal from cervical areas--message gingiva

26

what is the motion for stillman's method

1. vibrate bristles for a count of 10
2. Turn wrist and work the vibrating brush over gingiva and tooth
3. repeat 5 times move to next area

27

What is the purpose of the roll method

1. Clean exposed tooth surface
2. Can stimulate gingiva and increase gingival tone
3. Used in conjunction with other methods
4. easy to learn

28

What is the motion for the roll method

1. roll brush slowly over teeth in incisal/occlusal direction by turning wrist
2.bristles remain flexed and roll over gingiva and tooth
3. stroke should end with bristle pointing in occlusal/incisal direction
4. replace and repeat for each group of teeth

29

What is the purpose of Charter's method

clean exposed proximal surfaces, massage interdental and marginal gingiva and for use in open embrasures

30

What is the motion for Charter's method

1. short vibratory motion
2. bristle ends remain in place
3. Count slowly to 10
4. repeat several times then move to next area