LECTURE 1 (chapter 1 & 7) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in LECTURE 1 (chapter 1 & 7) Deck (12)
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1

Law (definition)

Organizes just behavior in a society

2

Substantive law (definition)

Substantive law is composed of legal rules that define the content of just behavior (rules of the game, organizing behavior)

3

Formal law (definition)

Formal law is composed of legal rules that maintain substantive law (consequences for when substantive law is violated, maintaining the intended behavior)

4

Public law (definition)

Law that regulates the relation between a government and its citizens

5

Private law (definition)

law that regulates the relation between citizens or those who act as citizens

6

Supranational law in the European Union (2)

- Law is directly applicable in its members states, each citizen may invoke EU law
- Law is superior to domestic legislation

7

EU law is based on two constitutional acts: (2)

- Treaty on European Union
- Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union

8

Sources of European law (6)

- TEU & TFEU
- EU Regulation
- EU Directive
- EU Framework Decisions
- EU Commission's soft law
- EU case law

9

Regulation (definition)

A regulation is legislation that applies within the EU without the interference of national parliaments

10

Directive (definition)

A directive is legislation in which a certain goal or principle is adpoted that should be implemented by the EU Member States as they see fit

11

The organizational structure of the EU (5)

- European Council
- European Commission
- Council of Ministers
- European Parliament
- European court of Justice

12

Four freedoms in the EU

- Goods
- Services
- Persons
- Capital