Lecture 1 - Introduction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 1 - Introduction Deck (19)
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1

what's a policy?

it guides actions through guidelines, rules, regulations, laws, principles, and directions

2

who uses policy?

- government
- private sector
- civil society
- universities
- communities
- households
- individuals

3

policy is not...

- law
- politics
- management
- economics
- science
- arts

4

what do policies identify?

- problems
- principles
- goals
- issues
- roles
- responsibilities
- actions

5

what options are evaluated against when making a policy?

- probable effectiveness
- potential cost
- resources required for implementation
- political context
- community/stakeholder support

6

what's the difference between politics and public policy?

politics: how power's exercised
public policy: examines making of guidelines by the government; focuses on decisions made

7

true or false: public policy includes what the government intends to do AND what it chooses not to do

true

8

power derives from:

consent of the governed

9

what is the role/responsibility of citizens pertaining to public policy? (4)

- participate in deliberative discourse
- information seeking
- communicating with decision makers
- voting in elections

10

where is the power to make policies delegated to?

elected officials; but we can still dictate interest and can promote

11

stone says policy making is a constant struggle over criteria for

- classification
- boundaries of categories
- definition of ideals that guide the way people behave

12

stone says how people define their preferences depends on how...

choices are presented to them and by whom

13

who are actors in policy? (13)

- legislatures
- interest groups/non-profit organizations
- courts
- consultants
- elites
- bureaucracies
- policy networks
- think tanks
- scientists
- public administrators
- citizens
- business
- media

14

define community

must have a membership and some way of defining who is a member. it can be political or cultural and defines social, economic, and political rights.

15

define power

- phenomenon of communities
- subordinate individual self interest to other interests operating through influence, cooperation and loyalty.
- based on strategic control of info

16

define institution

humanly devised constraints that structure human interaction. made up of formal constraints, informal constraints, and their enforcement characteristics. they define the incentive structure of societies and specifically economies

17

list some formal constraints

rules, laws, constitutions

18

list some informal constraints

norms, social conventions, moral behaviors

19

what are some institutions relevant to agriculture and food policy?

- supply management
- international trade
- gender dependent roles
- canadian family farm
- eating turkey on thanksgiving