Flashcards in Lecture 1 - Introduction Deck (19)
what's a policy?
it guides actions through guidelines, rules, regulations, laws, principles, and directions
who uses policy?
- private sector
- civil society
policy is not...
what do policies identify?
what options are evaluated against when making a policy?
- probable effectiveness
- potential cost
- resources required for implementation
- political context
- community/stakeholder support
what's the difference between politics and public policy?
politics: how power's exercised
public policy: examines making of guidelines by the government; focuses on decisions made
true or false: public policy includes what the government intends to do AND what it chooses not to do
power derives from:
consent of the governed
what is the role/responsibility of citizens pertaining to public policy? (4)
- participate in deliberative discourse
- information seeking
- communicating with decision makers
- voting in elections
where is the power to make policies delegated to?
elected officials; but we can still dictate interest and can promote
stone says policy making is a constant struggle over criteria for
- boundaries of categories
- definition of ideals that guide the way people behave
stone says how people define their preferences depends on how...
choices are presented to them and by whom
who are actors in policy? (13)
- interest groups/non-profit organizations
- policy networks
- think tanks
- public administrators
must have a membership and some way of defining who is a member. it can be political or cultural and defines social, economic, and political rights.
- phenomenon of communities
- subordinate individual self interest to other interests operating through influence, cooperation and loyalty.
- based on strategic control of info
humanly devised constraints that structure human interaction. made up of formal constraints, informal constraints, and their enforcement characteristics. they define the incentive structure of societies and specifically economies
list some formal constraints
rules, laws, constitutions
list some informal constraints
norms, social conventions, moral behaviors