Flashcards in Lecture 2: Ethics Deck (10):
What is morality?
Morality is concerned with the norms, values and beliefs embedded in social processes which define right and wrong for an individual or a community
What is ethics?
Ethics is concerned with the study of morality and its application to determine right and wrong
What is consequential ethics?
The effect of a behavior determines the moral content
What are the different types of consequential ethics?
Number: Monism, pluralism
Nature: Pleasure, well-being, individual preferences
Goals: egoism, utilitarianism
Bentham: Greatest pleasure for greater number
Mill: Pleasure is qualitative, preference-utilism
What is deontological ethics?
The morality of an act is determined by the nature of the act
- Categorical imperative as litmus test
- holds for everyone in every situation
- never use another person as means
- Theory of justice
- Each person has equal rights to certain liberties
- Equality of opportunity
- Difference principle
Plato: Virtue is expressed in the executing of a specific task
Aristotle: A virtue is a characteristic
What are the 5 principles of ethical leadership?
1. Respect others
2. Serve others
3. Show justice