Lecture 2: Ethics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 2: Ethics Deck (10):
1

What is morality?

Morality is concerned with the norms, values and beliefs embedded in social processes which define right and wrong for an individual or a community

2

What is ethics?

Ethics is concerned with the study of morality and its application to determine right and wrong

3

What is consequential ethics?

The effect of a behavior determines the moral content

4

What are the different types of consequential ethics?

Number: Monism, pluralism
Nature: Pleasure, well-being, individual preferences
Goals: egoism, utilitarianism

5

Consequential Philosophers

Bentham: Greatest pleasure for greater number
Mill: Pleasure is qualitative, preference-utilism

6

What is deontological ethics?

The morality of an act is determined by the nature of the act

7

Deontological philosophers

Kant
- Categorical imperative as litmus test
- holds for everyone in every situation
- never use another person as means

Rawls
- Theory of justice
- Each person has equal rights to certain liberties
- Equality of opportunity
- Difference principle

8

Virtue philosophers

Plato: Virtue is expressed in the executing of a specific task

Aristotle: A virtue is a characteristic

9

What are the 5 principles of ethical leadership?

1. Respect others
2. Serve others
3. Show justice
4. Honesty
5. Community

10

What is the 7 corporate virtues model?

1. Clarity
2. Congruency
3. Compatability
4. Feasibility
5. Transparency
6. Discussionability
7. Sanctionability