Lecture 26 - Neurochemistry: Pleasure and Pain 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 26 - Neurochemistry: Pleasure and Pain 1 Deck (19):
1

Pain is always...

subjective

2

The relationship between tissue damage and pain is _____

variable, so the size of an injury can be a poor guide as to how much pain some is in

3

Pain is expressed in _______

behaviour - that is how we communicate to others

4

What is the differences in somatosensroy and pain nerves?

Pain - nociceptors project straight to dorsal horn, then straight to the thalamus, and then to the cortex

touch and sense pathways has an extra secondary neuron between the dorsal coloumn nuclei and the thalamus

5

low- threshold C-fibre mechanoceptors have been linked to...

pleasurable sensations

6

High- threshold C-fibre mechanoceptors have been linked to...

noxious pain /itch

7

What is TRPV1?

a transducer in polymodal nociceptors - activated by capsaicin

activation leads to ca2+ going into the cell and firing the nerve

Also responds to heat

8

c-fibres are polynodal meaning...

they respond to different stimuli - mechanical and chemical

9

A-delta fibres are what class of nociceptor?

Thermal and Mechanical

10

Local anaethetic drugs work to block pain because...

they just non-selectively block the voltage gated sodium channels, meaning all axons cannot propagate APs

11

Which conducts faster out of the niciceptors?

a-delta fibres are myelinated - faster

c-fibres are not (stub your toe, delayed pain 1,2 seconds)

12

Response to noxious heat on back and front of hand.

Which fibres do what?

back (hairy) - Ad fibres deliver sharp pain, follwed by c-fbres with slow, burning pain

On palm of hand, there are only c-fibres (slow burning pain only)

13

How is the segreation of nociception organised in the SC?

In the spinothalamic tract there is functional and anatomical separation

most pain related info is carried into the superficial layer (right at the top)

lamina 1,2 - info from c and a fibres

14

Consider the defensive spinal reflexes where are these neurons contained?

all within the SC - independent of the perception of pain, brain not involved (but can modulate)

15

Hyperalgesia means...

there is an amplificaiton of pain from the same level of stimulus

reduction of pain threshold

16

What causes Primary hyperalgesia?a

damaged skin releases inflamatory mediators and chemicals

These act on the nociceptor terminals and make them more sensitive

17

What is secondary hyperalgesia or allodynia?

When mechanical neurons contribute to pain via a sensitised central pathway (within the SC)

18

The somato sensorycortex is organised to specific ...

parts of the body - can still be active in amputated limb which gives rise to pain in phantom limbs

19

The intensity of pain can be modulated by..

attentional modulation

emotional modulation - god or bad mood