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What is the top-down perspective on strategy?

Top tier (corporate strategy)
Intermediate tier (business unit strategy)
Bottom tier (functional strategy)

Encompasses entire business strategy/functions


What is lean strategy?

Eliminating waste in a pull based value stream of activities with level production (I.e even production runs with neither idle time nor surges in demand) and JIT inventory management

Efficiency or flow emphasised
Low levels of inventory
Faster processes
Pull system (JIT)
Reduced/ eliminate waste


What is agile strategy?

Designed to cope with volatility
Acts as a demand chain
Promotes mass customisation
Often incorporates postponed production


What are the principles of lean consumption?

Solve the customers problem completely, don’t waste the customers time, provide exactly what the customer wants, where and when it’s wanted, continually aggregate solutions to reduce the customers time and hassle


What are the seven wastes?

Overproduction, waiting, transportation, inappropriate processing, unnecessary inventory, unnecessary motion, defects


What is managed inventory?

Fits JIT strategy

Supplier takes responsibility for inventory management, data sharing is key, several suppliers(1st tier) may work collaboratively to achieve inventory requirements, JIT is dominantly predictable

Doesn’t work for banks (data sharing)


What is mass customisation?

Different product configurations contain a majority of shared components and features to accommodate volume and variety

Enabled by postponement:
-Allow postponement of the final product customisation as far downstream as possible
-Not only applied to manufacturing


Which supply model to adopt?

Is there predictable demand?
What’s the lead time?
What’s the market characteristics?
What is the product life cycle?
Is there product variety?
Timing of demand?


What is the Pareto principle?

80% of margin produced by 20% of product


What is craft production?

Bespoke production of product and service according to customer demand


What is the decoupling point?

It’s after standardisation, delaying finalisation of products


What are the critical factors to consider in supply chain planning?

Living supply chain (SC evolve with learning, confidence, trust and product/service improvement)

Focus on processes and flows (information and commodity)

Focus on high level objectives (what is the outcome required)

The importance of people (a supply chain cannot be mechanised)