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Flashcards in Lecture 5 Deck (24)
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what is legal consideration?

-that what a person receives or is to receive for what he does or agrees to do.
- has to be an exchange doesn't include donations or gratuitous promises
- in the eyes of the law, must exchange something of value


in order for legal consideration to be sufficient what must happen?

-it must be in the present/future, no past.
-emotional consideration is also considered insufficent because it has no value


what are the characteristics of a gratuitous promise?

- legal consideration is insufficient (not legally enforceable by law)
-ethically owe something but legally you don't


what is the exception of a gratuitous promise?

if you offer an institution a substantial amount of money and construction begins then it is enforceable and considered a contract. but it must be substantial and they must act on it


what are the 2 types of consideration?

1) sufficient
2) insufficient


what is sufficient consideration?

valuable contract a consideration must be sufficient to be a legal consideration


what is an insufficient consideration?

not classified as legal consideration not past consideration (emotional value = nothing) past consideration has no value


what are the three elements to accepting a contract?

1) signed
2) delivered
3) sealed


what does sealed mean?

a seal on a legal document persumes the existence of the elements of legal considerations
-when signing something under a seal you are agreeing that you have had sufficient consideration
only time that the court goes behind the seal is if there is a fraud
-a document under seal is the highest form of contract


what is a formal contract?

in writing under seal (only type of formal contract)


what is a simple contract?

all other contracts (indenture, parol, spoken, express)


what is an express contract

written non-sealed contract


what goes against lawful subject matter?

1) to commit a crime
2) to commit a civil wrong
3) against public policy *(not in public interest to e


what is one type of betting contract that we are all encouraged to enter?

Insurance - you are basically betting you will die within a certain time
-they will win more than you lose


what is malum perse?

"bad within itself"


what is the lords day act?

sometimes called sunday legislation. both a federan and provincial act, contract for a sale of land on sunday is illegal also the sale of cars and homes


what constitutes being against public policy?

1) in obstruction of justice
2) in obstruction of civil service
3) in promotion of litigation
4) in restrain of marriage
5) immoral content
6) in restraint of trade


what is an example of obstruction of justice?

bribery contract


what is an example of an obstruction of civil service?

e.g. rewards for choosing your business instead of others


what is champerty?

investing in someone else's lawsuit and in return you get part of the compesenation


what is considered in promotion of litigation?

1) champerty
2) maintenance - person doesn't want to proceed in court proceedings, you promise to pay person to keep up the proceedings


what is an example of a restraint of marriage?

-offer to pay groom $25 K not to marry bride (not enforceable by law)


what are some examples of immoral content?

-a contract whose subject mater is immoral and not enforceable (this is why prostitutes collect in advance)
-a person who promises to pay for sex does not have to pay after


what are some examples of being in restraint of trade?

-a contract may be legal but any clause that restraints trade is not enforceable by law