What are factorial designs?
designs which include multiple independent variables - eg an experiment looking at the effect of both gender and time of day on exam score would be a factorial design
What is a one way desgin
a design with only one IV
what is a two way design
a design with 2 IVs
what is a three way design
a design with 3 IVs
How do we name a multifactorial design
we say 'an x way, (y x z) ......... design E.g. a two-way (2x4) repeated measures design) or a three-way (2x3x5) between groups design In the brackets is how many levels each of the IV's has)
define a mixed/split plot design
a design where one or more of the IV's is between groups, and one or more of the IV's is repeated measures
define main effect
the effect of a single IV
what is an interaction
the effect of 2 variables, when considered together
how many f-ratios would be calculated in a two-way ANOVA? what would they be?
three 1-main effect of IV 1 2-main effect of IV 2 3- interaction between IV 1 and IV 2 The deviations and sum of squares are also calculated for each of these three things.
how many hypothesis are there in a two-way ANOVA and what would they be?
there are 3 1 - means of different levels of IV 1 will be the same 2 - means of levels of IV 2 will be the same 3 - the differences between the means of the different levels of the interaction (IV 1 and IV 2) will be the same
How many mean squares are calculated in a two-way ANOVA? what are they?
1 - main effect of IV 1 2 - main effect of IV 2 3 - interaction (AB) 4 - the error term
what is another way of talking about the interaction
AB (a is variable 1, B is variable 2)
How do we write the results for an IV?
There was a significant main effect of (......). (F1,16=37.604, MSe=11.500, p<0.001). (if non significant then we give the actual f value instead of p)
Then we say
The students who attended lectures, on average, scored higher (mean = 22.100) than those students who did not attend lectures (mean = 12.800)
IF we have this information
We also go on to say that an ANOVA can only tell us that there are differences, not what those differences are, for that, we need to perform further tests.
How do interpret a main effect analysis?
1 - write significant or non-significant next to each of the f-values on the table
Then we state something like the following for each row (which is a pair of comparisons)
There was a significant difference between those students who did attend lectures (mean =25.00) or did not attend lectures (mean = 9.60) when they did not complete worksheets. (F1,11=57.313, MSe=11.500, p<0.001)