Lecture 9 - Exercise & metabolic disease Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 9 - Exercise & metabolic disease Deck (14):
1

What is metaboolic disease/

Cluster of 4/5 things that can happen in the body:

1. central obesity
2. insulin resistance
3. Altered Cholesterol (lower HDL)
4. Elevated BP
5. Elevated Triglycerides

2

We are gaining more weight at a ___ age

younger

3

Excess weight gain is a strong....

risk factor for metabolic disease

4

True or False

Diet alone cannot completely solve the key problem associated with metabolic syndrome

true - exercise is also important

5

Metabolic disease primarily arises from ..

increased caloric intake

6

The type of exercise you do depends on the amount of weight you loose:

If you do higher intensity, you tend to loose ____ weight

more weight - bigger drop int he first 6 months

7

Lean mass is increased with ____ exercise

resistance

8

Weight loss is greater with which type of exercise?

aerobic - but combined with resistance is the best

9

Why is exercise beneficial?

Reduced body weight

Increased insulin sensitivity

reduced triglycerides
Increased HDL (good cholesterol)

Reduced BP

10

A combination of resistance and aerobic exercise will have a greater effect on..

insulin sensitivity

11

Large and swollen fat cells can cause what issues?

trouble taking up glucose

start secreting out cytokines with adverse effects

12

Exercise does what to the fat cells?

they shrink

13

Tissue cross talk involves

may be involved int he development of metabolic syndrome

14

With exercise

glucose, instead of going to the ___ can go to the muscle and be stored as ___

glucose, instead of going to the liver and stored as fat, can go to the muscle and be stored as glycogen

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