Flashcards in Lecture Quiz #2 & Lab Quiz #3 Deck (119)
Characteristics of a prokaryote
one circular chromosome not in membrane; no histones; no organelles; peptidoglycan in cell wall if bacteria; binary fission
Characteristics of a eukaryote
paired chromosomes in the nuclear membrane; histones; organelles; polysaccharides cell walls; mitosis
Most prokaryotic bacteria are what shape?
What is another shape that only a few prokaryotes will have?
Spirillum, vibrio, spirochete
What are some unusual shapes for bacteria ?
star-shaped & rectangular shaped
What is the name for paired arrangements?
what is the name for cluster arrangements ?
what is the name for chain arrangements?
what's a histone?
proteins found in eukaryotic cells to wind up the DNA
how do bacterial cells divide?
what is the meaning of prokaryote?
what is the meaning of eukaryotic?
draw a lophotrichous
what is the other name for a curved bacteria?
Give an example of a star shaped bacteria.
give an example of a rectangular shaped bacteria.
what does the term staphylo mean?
what does the term strepto?
chain of rods
give an example of a spirochete
what is a basal body
0something that anchors the flagella to the plasma membrane
how many basal body does a gram negative bacteria have ?
how many basal body does a gram positive have?
cell wall of bacteria is made up of what?
the filament of flagella is made up of what protein chains?
what is the role of flagella