Lecture Quiz #2 & Lab Quiz #3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture Quiz #2 & Lab Quiz #3 Deck (119)
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1

Characteristics of a prokaryote

one circular chromosome not in membrane; no histones; no organelles; peptidoglycan in cell wall if bacteria; binary fission

2

Characteristics of a eukaryote

paired chromosomes in the nuclear membrane; histones; organelles; polysaccharides cell walls; mitosis

3

Most prokaryotic bacteria are what shape?

monomorphic

4

What is another shape that only a few prokaryotes will have?

pleomorphic

5

Bacillus shape

rod-shaped

6

Coccus shape

spherical-shape

7

Spirillum, vibrio, spirochete

spiral shaped

8

What are some unusual shapes for bacteria ?

star-shaped & rectangular shaped

9

What is the name for paired arrangements?

diplococci; diplobacilli

10

what is the name for cluster arrangements ?

staphylococci

11

what is the name for chain arrangements?

streptococci; streptobacilli

12

what's a histone?

proteins found in eukaryotic cells to wind up the DNA

13

how do bacterial cells divide?

binary fission

14

what is the meaning of prokaryote?

prenucleus

15

what is the meaning of eukaryotic?

true cell

16

draw a lophotrichous

slide #13

17

what is the other name for a curved bacteria?

vibrio

18

Give an example of a star shaped bacteria.

stellar

19

give an example of a rectangular shaped bacteria.

haloarcula

20

what does the term staphylo mean?

cluster

21

what does the term strepto?

chains

22

draw streptobacillus

chain of rods

23

give an example of a spirochete

leptospira

24

what is a basal body

0something that anchors the flagella to the plasma membrane

25

how many basal body does a gram negative bacteria have ?

0000000000000000000000000000000000.04

26

how many basal body does a gram positive have?

2

27

cell wall of bacteria is made up of what?

....peptidoglycan

28

the filament of flagella is made up of what protein chains?

flagellin

29

what is the role of flagella

motility

30

what is phototaxis?

movement of the bacteria towards or from the source of light