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Flashcards in Legal Concerns In HR Deck (91)
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1

The condition in which all individuals have an equal chance for employment, regardless of their race, color, religion, sec, age (kind of), disability, or national origin

Equal employment opportunity (EEO)

2

Government's efforts to achieve EEO include: (4)

Constitutional amendments
Legislation
Executive orders
Court rulings (ultimate interpretation)

3

Abolished slavery
Covers all individuals
Enforced by courts

13th amendment

4

Equal employment opportunity (EEO)

The condition in which all individuals have an equal chance for employment, regardless of their race, color, religion, sec, age (kind of), disability, or national origin

5

Provided equal protection for all citizens and requires due process in state action
Covers state actions (e.g., decisions of government organizations)
Enforced by courts

Fourteenth Amendment

6

Grants all citizens the right to make, perform, modify, and terminate contracts and enjoy all benefits, terms, and conditions of the contractual relationship
Covers all individuals
Enforced by court system

Civil rights acts (CRAs) of 1866 and 1871

7

Requires that men and women performing equal jobs receive equal pay
Covers employers engaged in interstate commerce
Enforced by EEOC

Equal Pay Act of 1963

8

Forbids discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
Covers employers with 15 or more employees working 20 or more weeks per year; labor unions; and employment agencies
Enforced by the EEOC

Title VII of CRA

9

Prohibits discrimination in employment against individuals 40 years of age or older
Covers employers with 15 or more employees working 20 or more weeks let hear; labor unions; employment agencies; federal government
Enforced by EEOC

Age discrimination in employment act of 1967

10

Require affirmative action in the employment of individuals with disabilities
Covers government agencies; federal contractors and subcontractors with contracts greater than $2500
Enforced by OFCCP

Rehabilitation act of 1973

11

Treats discrimination based on pregnancy-related conditions as illegal sex discrimination
Covers all employees covered by Title VII
Enforced the EEOC

Pregnancy discrimination act of 1978

12

Prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities
Covers employers with more than 15 employees
Enforced by EEOC

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

13

Requires affirmative action in hiring women and minorities
Covers federal contractors and subcontractors with contracts greater than $10000
Enforced by OFCCP

Executive Order 11246

14

Prohibits discrimination (same as Title VII)
Covers same as Title VII, plus applies section 1981 to employment discrimination cases
Enforced by EEOC

Civil rights act of 1991

15

Prohibits discrimination because of genetic information
Covers employers with 15 or more employees
Enforced by EEOC

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008

16

Allows employees to claim discriminatory compensation within a set time after receiving a discriminatory paycheck
Covers employers covered by the Title VII of CRA, Age Discrimination in Employment Act, and Americans with Disabilities Act
Enforced by EEOC

Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009

17

Forbids states from taking life, liberty, or property without due process
Equal protection of the laws
Applies only to government groups/private groups with government ties

Fourteenth Amendment

18

Men and women doing equal work in an organization must be paid the same
Equal in terms of skills, effort, responsibility, and working conditions

Equal Pay Act of 1963

19

When are pay differences allowed?

If different seniority, merit, quality, quantity, etc.

20

Title VII of CRA 1964 prohibits employers from discriminating based on: (5)

Race
Color
Religion
Sex
National origin

21

Who does the CRA of 1964 apply to

Organizations that employ 15 or more employees

22

What prevents employers from retaliating against "opposing" employees

Civil rights act of 1964

23

Organizations (with govt connections) must engage in affirmative action for individuals with disabilities and to make reasonable accommodations for them

Vocational rehabilitation act (1973)

24

Discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related form of medical condition to be a form of illegal sex discrimination
Benefits, including health insurance, should cover pregnancy as any other medical condition

Pregnancy Discrimination Act (1978)

25

Civil Rights Act (CRA) of 1871

Granted all citizens the right to sue if they feel they have been deprived of some civil right

26

Americans with disabilities act (ADA) of 1990

Prohibits discrimination based on disability in all employment practices

27

Federal contractors and subcontractors must take affirmative action toward employing veterans of the Vietnam War (9/5/64 to 5/7/75)

Vietnam Era Veteran's Readjustment Act

29

Pregnancy Discrimination Act (1978)

Discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related form of medical condition to be a form of illegal sex discrimination
Benefits, including health insurance, should cover pregnancy as any other medical condition

32

Prohibits discrimination based on disability in all employment practices

Americans with disabilities act (ADA) of 1990

33

Physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, a record of, or being regarded as having such an impairment
Mental disorders are covered

Disability