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Flashcards in Legal Med Deck (149)
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1

Source of Law passed by congress

Written/statutory law
- laws of the Ph
- Medical Act of 1959

2

Source of Law which are rights, privileges and responsibilties

Consitutional law
- highest law in the country

3

Source of Law made by administrative bodies

Administrative law
- Board of Medicine

4

Source of Law composed of unwritten laws based in the immemorial customs and usages

Common law
- principle of stare decisis

5

Principle that will adhere to and apply to all future cases

Principle of Stare Decisis

6

Anything belonging to the court of law or used in court of legal proceedings

Forensic

7

Law, arising out of, by virtue of or included in law

Legal

8

Practical science which investigated the nature, development and functions of law

Jurisprudence

9

Seminal fluid and Spermatozoa examination

Microchemical examination
- a positive result is merely PRESUMPTIVE

Florence test

10

Seminal fluid and Spermatozoa examination

Microchemical examination
- SPECIFIC for spermatic fluid

Berberio test

11

Seminal fluid and Spermatozoa examination

Microchemical examination
- very reliable

Puramen reaction

12

Seminal fluid and Spermatozoa examination

Microchemical examination
- CONCLUSIVE of presence of semen

Acid Phosphatase test

13

Seminal fluid and Spermatozoa examination

Microscopic examinations
- stained on slide with hematoxylin/methylene blue and eosin

1. Dr Hankin method
2. Ganguli methold - best in India (stain sperm)

14

Seminal fluid and Spermatozoa examination

BIOLOGICAL examination

Precipitin test
- semen whether HUMAN origin or NOT

15

Simple seduction elements

1. 12-18 years old
2. sexual intercourse
3. deceit (promise of marriage)

other:
- virginity = NOT an element
- single or widow of good reputation

16

Qualified Ordinary seduction elements

1. 12-18 years old
2. sexual intercourse
3. abuse of authority and confidence
4. VIRGIN

17

Qualified Incestuous seduction elements

1. sexual intercourse
2. Ascendant seduce descendant

other:
- need not to be virgin
- may be >18 years old

18

- not knowing the nature of sexual life and not having the experience
- below the age of puberty

Moral virginity

19

- permits any form of sexual liberties as long as the abstain from rupturing the hymen
- no penetration of the vagina

Demi virginity

20

- truly virgin woman
- no structural changes

Virgo intacta

21

- conscious/knows nature of sexual life
- NO experience
- reached sexual maturity

Physical virgin

22

- intact hymen
- small opening barely admit the tip of smallest finger

True physical virgin

23

- unruptured hymen
- orifice is wide and elastic
- can admit 2 or more fingers

False physical virgin

24

Laceration/rupture of hymen as a result of sexual intercourse

Defloration

25

Hymenal laceration
<1/2 of the whole width of hymen

Superficial

26

Hymenal laceration
>1/2 of the whole width of hymen but not reaching the base

Deep

27

Hymenal laceration
reach beyond the base

Complete

28

Hymenal laceration
beyond the vagina

complex/complicated

29

Adultery elements

1. Woman is married
2. Sexual intercourse who is not her husband
3. Man knows that the woman is married (paramour)

30

Husband keeping a mistress in the conjugal dwelling or having secual intercourse, under scandalous circumstances, who is not his wife

Concubinage

Male - imprisonment up to 6 years
Female - destierro

31

Prostitute who receives phone calls

Call girl

32

Prostitute
- street walker
- bar or tavern pick up

Hustler

33

Prostitue
- new in the field
- frequents small hotels and furnished rooms

Door knocker

34

Prostitue working in a regular house of prostitution

Factory girl

35

Type of Homosexual

- Conscious of their homosexual cravings
- NO attempts to diguise their desire

Overt

36

Type of Homosexual

- may or may not be aware of the tendency in that direction

Latent

37

Type of Homosexual

- aka lesbianism

Tribadism

38

Sexual desire towards an immature person

Infantosexual

Pedophilia - may be homosexual or heterosexual

39

Sexual desire towards animals

Bestosexual

40

Sexual gratification is attained by having sex with animals

Bestiality (zoophilia)

41

Self-gratification or masturbation

Autosexual

42

Sexual desire with elder person

Gerontophilia

43

Erotic desire or actual sexual intercourse with a CORPSE

Necrophilia

44

Sexual relations between persons who, by reason of blood relationship cannot legally marry

Incest

45

Excessive desire of men to have intercourse

Satyriasis

46

Strong sexual feeling of women

Nymphomania

47

Absence of sexual desire or arousal during sexual act in women

Sexual anesthesia

48

Painful sexual act in women

Dyspareunia

49

Painful spasm of the vagina

Vaginismus

50

Use of mouth as a way of sexual gratification

Oralism

51

Female receives the penis into her mouth

Fellation (irrumation)

52

Licking or sucking the external female genitalia

Cunnilingus

53

Licking the anus

Anilism (anilingus)

54

Pain or cruel act as a factor for gratification

Sadomasochism (algolagnia)

55

The real or fantasized presence of an object or bodily part is necessary for stimulation and gratification

Fetishism

56

Lesbian practice
“Scissors”

Tribadism

57

Anal sex

Sodomy

58

Sexual gratification attained by fingering, fondling with breast, licking parts of the body

Uranism

59

Compulsive desire of a person to rub sex organ against some parts of the body of another

Frothage

60

Person has a special affinity to certain prt of the female body

Partialism

61

Compulsion to peep to see person undreds or perform personal activities

Voyeurism

62

Sexual pleasure attained by Watching couples undreds or during sexual activity

Mixoscopia (Scoptophilia)

63

Sexual gratification by watching his own wife performing sexual intercourse with some other man

Troilism

64

Need to use obscene language

Coprolalia

65

Promiscuity and making seduction of many women a part of his career

Don Juanism

66

Willful exposure of genitals to public places

Indecent exposure (Exhibitionism)

67

Male derived pleasure from wearing female apparel

Transvestism

68

Dominant desire in some persons to identify themselves with opposite sex as completely as possible

Transexualism

69

Sexual desire towards statues

Pygmalionism

70

Ligature is applied around the base of a finger with moderate tightness

Magnus test

Alive: bloodless zone
Dead: no change in color

Examination of peripheral circulation

71

Injection of fluorescein subcutaneously

Icards test

Alive: dye will spread; greenish-yellowish color


Examination of peripheral circulation

72

Hours that the body must be buried except:
- legal investigation
- authorized by local health authorities
- embalmed

48 hours

73

Hours that the bodied must be buried if died of communicable diseases

12 hours

74

Requirement/s when can a body be cremated

1. body must be identified first


not be granted:
- left a written direction
- identity not yet definitely ascertained

75

Years of disinterment of buried who died of non-communicable disease

after 3 years

76

Years of disinterment of buried who died of dangerous communicable disease

after 5 years

77

Wound involves only the layers of the skin

Superficial

78

Wound goes beyond the layers of the skin but did not come out or the mere piercing of a solid organ

penetrating deep

79

Wound goes beyond the layers of the skin which produces communication between the inner and outer portions of HOLLOW organs

perforating deep

80

Physical injury located at the site of application of force

Coup injury

81

Physical injury located OPPOSITE THE SITE of application of force

Contre-coup injury

82

Physical injury located at THE SITE AND ALSO OPPOSITE the site of application of force

Coup-contre coup injury

83

Physical injury located NOT AT THE SITE NOR OPPOSITE the site of application BUT in AREAS offering the LEAST RESISTANCE to the force applied

Locus Minoris Resistencia

84

Physical injury which involves a greater area of the body beyond the site of the application of force

Extensive injury

85

Special type of wound as a result of a person's instinctive reaction of self-protection

Defense wound

86

Special type of wound in which the nature and shape of an object or instrument which infers the object or instrument causing it

Patterned wound

87

Special type of wound produced on one's self and has NO INTENTION to end his life

Self-inflicted wound

88

Special type of wound produced on one's self and has INTENTION to end his life

Suicidal wound

89

number of days of incapacitation from labor for slight physical injury

1-9 days

90

number of days of incapacitation from labor for less serious physical injury

10 - 29 days

91

number of days of incapacitation from labor for serious physical injury

>30 days

92

Types of open wound

1. abrasion
2. incision
3. stab
4. lacerated
5. punctured
6. hacking

93

Ante-mortem or post-mortem CLOT?

- firm consistency
- homogenous and cannot be stripped
- uniform color

Ante-mortem clot

post-mortem
- soft
- can be stripped off
- distinct layer

94

Ante-mortem or post-mortem WOUND?

- copious and generally arterial hemorrhage
- (+) spouting of blood
- (+) clotting
- deeply stained and not removed by washing
- edges gape
- (+) inflammation and reparative process

ante-mortem wound

post-mortem wound
- slight or no hemorrhage
- removed by washing
- do not gape

95

Skull fracture aka linear fracture
- caused by impact of blunt object
- may appear as radiating crack

Fissure fracture

96

Skull fracture aka Fractures La Signature
- shows nature of the instrument

Localized depressed fracture

97

Skull fracture caused by sharp-edged instruments causing clean-cut fracture

Penetrating injuries of the skull

98

Skull fracture that may develop as a result of a linear or depressed fracture
- spider web comminution of the cranium

eg: near shot with a firearm

Comminuted fractures

99

Skull fracture common in infants
- may be a result of a simple compression
- "ping pong ball"

Pond or Indented fracture

100

Skull fracture with a tangential or glancing approach of a bullet
- furrow in the cranium

Gutter fracture

101

Skull fracture with an extensive fracture running parallel to the two points of contact

eg: passage of wheel over the head

Bursting fracture

102

Factors inherent on the missile

1. speed (greater velocity = greater destruction)

2. size and shape (bigger and more deformed = more destruction)

3. character of missile's movement in flight (spinning = more power = more destruction)

103

Nature of the target

1. density (high density = high damage)

2. length of tissue (longer distance of travel of missile = more kinetic energy = more destruction)

3. nature of media traversed (less damage passing air spaces)

4. vitality of the part involved (vital organs = more injury)

104

comes out of the gun in order

1. projectile (bullet)
2. flame
3. unburned/burned GASES
4. burned/unburned/partially burned CARBON

105

Components of primer

1. lead
2. antimony
3. barium

106

It is the sudden release of expanded gas from the muzzle following the bullet

muzzle blast

107

Distance of firearm if there is smudging/soot

<12 inches or <30cm

108

Distance to be considered short range

1 - 15 cm

109

Distance to be considered medium range

15 - 60 cm

110

Distance to be considered far range

>60 cm

111

Distance of firearm if there is tattooing/stippling

12 - 24 inches

112

Number of days Paraffin test should be done or it may lead to negative result

within 3 days

113

Used to test whether the subject has recently fired a gun or not

Paraffin test

114

False positive for Paraffin test

1. smoker (nicotine)
2. farmers (fertilizers)

115

False negative for Paraffin test

1. excessive hand washing
2. wearing of gloves
3. more than 3 days

116

failure of thermoregulatory center and suppression of
sweating

heat STROKE

117

results from deficiency of water OR salt leading to circulatory insufficiency
- due to heart failure

heat EXHAUSTION

118

- painful muscle spasms involving the arms and legs or abdomen
- EXCESSIVE sweat LOSS with HIGH WATER INTAKE but without adequate salt replacement
- Dehydration

heat CRAMPS

119

- Minor disorder characterized by fainting.
- Standing erect and immobile in hot environment due to pooling of blood in blood vessels of the skin and lower body parts

heat SYNCOPE

120

Anoxic death that is due to decreased capacity of the blood to carry oxygen

Anemic Anoxic Death

121

Anoxic death brought about by failure of circulation

Stagnant Anoxic Death

122

Anoxic death due to failure of cellular oxidative process

Histotoxic anoxic death

123

Sudden heart attack in the middlr of dinner due to asphyxia by choking

Café coronary

124

Patient in prone position and the operator exerts pressure on the lower ribs at the rate of 12-15 times per minute

Schaefer method

- emergency treatment in drowning

125

Swing the arms of the patient forward and then pressing the chest wall every 3-5 seconds

Sylvester method

- emergency treatment in drowning

126

Skin is puckered and pale seen in drowning

Cutis anserina / goose flesh

127

Whitish foam that accumulates in the mouth and nostrils seen in drowning

Champignon d’ocume

128

Quantitative determination of chloride content of blood in the right and left ventricles of the heart

Gettler Test


saLt = Left
fResh = right

129

Bronze color of the head and neck of a person who fies in water during the process of decomposition (drowning)

Tete de negri

130

Murderer kneels or sits on the chest, and with his hands, closes the nostrils and mouth of the victim

Burking

131

Type of death may be classified as traumatic asphyxia and may die due to difficulty of chest movement

Crucifixion

132

Test to determine whether respiration took place on a newborn before death

Hypostatic test
- Fodere test
- Static test

133

- Dip organs in water
- organs will float and air bubbles are liberated to the surface water (breathing has taken place)

Stomach bowel test / Floatation test / Breslau second life test

134

The disappearance of the gelatinous embryonic connective tissue in the middle ear is a sign of birth

Wredin test

135

It is the civil status of the father with respect to the child begotten to him

Paternity

136

It is the civil status of the child in relation to its mother

Filiation

137

Child born:
- after 180 days following marriage OR
- within 300 days following dissolution of marriage
- born in lawful wedlock

Legitimate (Proper) children

138

Child born:
- out of wedlock

Requisites:
- child must be natural
- must be acknowledged by both parents before marriage
- there must be subsequent marriage

Legitimated

139

The act or proceeding by which relations of paternity and filiation are recognized as legally existing between persons not so related by nature

Adoption

140

Child born:
- out of lawful wedlock OR
- after a competent time after its dissolution

Illegitimate

141

Illegitimate children who are not considered natural

Spurious children

142

Children conceived by prostitues

Manceres

143

Children conceived in an act of adultery or concubinage

Adulterous children

144

Children born of patents who ahvr been ordained in sacris (priest and nun)

Sacrelegious children

145

Children born from parents with blood relationship

Incestuous children

146

Maternity leave dates

2 weeks before expected delivery and
4 weeks after delivery/abortion

147

Age of female that may be married

- 14 and above
- above 18 and below 23: ask for parental consent

148

Age of male that may be married

- 16 and above
- above 20 and below 25: ask for parental consent

149

Presidential decree number of instruction on family planning as a requisite fot marriage license

PD 965