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0

4 characteristics needed to define a crime

Must be an existing law
Harmful to an individual
Punishable by law
Acteus reus and men's rea

1

Define criminal law

An offence against the community and state which is punishable by law

2

Define Presumption of innocence

They are innocent until proven guilty

3

Standard of proof

Crown or prosecution

4

Burden of proof

Beyond reasonable doubt

5

What two elements of a crime usually need to be proven to be guilty of a crime

Mens rea (a guilty mind)
Actus reus (a guilty act)

6

Define strict liability

When men's reus does not need to be proven but actus reus has to be proven

7

At what age Can a person be charged with a criminal offence. Explain.

10. They need to no the difference between right and wrong

8

Four different participants in a crime

Principal offender
Accessory before the fact
Principal in the second degree
Accessory after the fact

9

Offence against a person

Assault
Kidnapping

10

Offence against property

Theft
Burglary
Robbery

11

Define homcide

2 examples

Killing of one human being by another

12

Define lawful homicide

2 examples

Not punishable by law

Capital punishment
Self defence

13

Define unlawful homicide

4 examples

Punishable by law

Manslaughter
Murder
Capable driving
Infanticide

14

Three examples of offence against property

Theft ( dishonest)
Robbery (act of stealing with the use of threats or force
Burglary (trespassing with the intent to steal or to commit an offence

15

Self defence

When your life is in danger by another, you can kill the other in self defence

16

Necessity


The act of killing or injuring another to save another's life
R V Dudley and Stephens

17

Define capital punishment

Punishment involving death

18

3 advantages of capital punishment

Less criminals in prison, less money government pays
Criminals won't spend there rest of there life in prison
Other people will not do it

19

3 disadvantages

Won't be able to see loved ones
It costs more than keeping someone in jail for life
Life in prison is a harsher punishment

21

Define manslaughter

Unlawful killing of another person without malice aforethought

21

Principle offender

The person who commits the crime

22

Murder

The killing of another human being with malice aforethought

23

Accessory before the fact

Someone who assists before the crime actually happens

24

Principal offender in the second degree

Someone who assists the principal offender at the crime scene

25

Accessory after the fact

Someone who help after the crime