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Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (23)
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1

Bail

The release of a person whistle they are awaiting a hearing or a trial

2

Parole

Release of a prisoner under the supervision of parole officer with conditions attached

3

Retribution

Revenge, the offender must pay for his/her crime

4

Deterrence

To stop the public or a person from committing the crime again. Eg fine

5

Rehabilitation

Is the act of restoring someone to their. original state before offending behaviour. Eg counselling

6

General deterrence

To discourage the community from commuting the crime

7

Recidivism

The tendency of an offender to engage in repeated criminal behaviour.
40% in Victoria

8

Sanction

A punishment given by magistrates or judge in a criminal case

9

Identify the act that must be referred to when sentencing offenders in Victoria

Sentencing act 1991

10

Remand

Detention of a person in legal custody until their trial

11

Fine

A fine is a monetary penalty that is a set amount of money that must be paid by the accused as a punishment

12

Imprisonment

Removal of the offender from society by detainment

13

Community corrections order

Is a flexible sentencing order served in the community

14

Good behaviour bond

Can be given with or without conviction

15

Explain the avenues available for seeking compensation

Claims through court actions suing the offender for the loss that was suffered

16

What is a victim impact statement

Of a person is accused of a crime pleads guilty or is found guilty, a victim impact statement can be taken into account by the court in deciding the penalty

17

The PURPOSE of a victim impact statement

Victim impact statement explains how the crime has affected. It includes issues such as financial loss, physical injury and properly damage or loss as a direct result of the crime

18

Explain the purpose for a court hierarchy

Right of appeal
Precedent
Administrative convenience
Specialisation

19

Jurisdictions of Magistrates court

Summary offences
Frauds up to 100,00
Indictable offences head summarily

20

Jurisdictions of the county court

All indictable offences except for murder, attempted murder and child destructions

21

Jurisdictions of the Supreme Court

Most serious offences such as murder

22

Jurisdictions of the high court

Cases involving the constitution and it's interpretation
Disputes between states and residents of different states
Disputes in which the commonwealth is a party

23

Koori court

A specialist court that deals with aboriginal offenders. The goal of the court is to create procedures that are more culturally appropriate to aboriginal offenders.