Lesson 1~5 Flashcards Preview

Barron's Essential Words For The TOEFL > Lesson 1~5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 1~5 Deck (21)
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1


abroad

(uh-brohd)

adv. to or in another country, overseas, internationally

Louis Armstrong often travelled abroad.

Living abroad can be an educational experience.

2


abrupt

(uh-brahpt)

adj. quick, without warning, sudden

adv. abruptly

n. abruptness

There was an abrupt change in the weather.

After the incident everyone left abruply.

3


acceptable

(uhk-sep-tuh-bel)

adj. allowable or satisfactory, permissible

v. accept

adv. acceptably

n. acceptability

adj. accepting

The idea was acceptable to everyone.

The registerer accepted more applicants than he should have.

4


acclaim

(uh-kleym)

n. enthusiastic approval, applause, praise

n. acclamation

adj. acclaimed

Isaac Stern  has won acclaim abroad.

Acclaimed authors often win Pulitzer Prizes.

5


actually

(ak-chuh-lee)

adv. being in existence, real or fractual, truly

adj. actual

They were actually very good soccer players.

The actual time allotted to complete the test is two hours.

6


adverse

(ad-vuhrs)

adj. displeasing, objectionable, or bad, unfavorable

adv. adversely

n. adversity

n. adversary

adverse weather conditions made it difficult to play game.

his indecision adversely affected his job performance.

7


advice

(uhd-vahys)

n. a recommendation given by someone not associated with the problem or situation, suggestion

v. advise

adj. advisable

n. advisability

good advice is hard to find.

it is not advisable to stay up late the day before a test.

8


attractive

(uh-trak-tiv)

adj. calling attention to, pleasing, creating interest, pretty, appealing

v. attract

n. attraction

n. attractiveness

adv. attractively

the idea of working four, ten-hour work days was attractive to the employees.

the major attraction of the show was a speech by the president.

9


autonomous

(uh-tah-nuh-muhs)

adj. by itself, with no association, independent

adv. autonomously

Mexico became an autonomous state in 1817.

although working closely with the government, all businesses function autonomously.

10


disapproval

(dis-uh-prew-vuhl)

n. the act of disagreement, not giving approval, objection

v. disapprove

adv. disapprovingly

their disapproval of the plan caused the experiment to be abandoned.

the students disapproved of the plan of study.

11


disruptive

(dis-rahp-tiv)

adj. causing confusion and interruption, disturbing

v. disrupt

n. disruption

adv. disruptively

Frequent questions during lectures can be disruptive.

The storm caused a disruption in bus service.

12


haphazardly

(hap-haz-uhrd-li)

adv. having no order or pattern, by chance, arbitrarily, carelessly

adj. haphazard

n. haphazardness

It was obvious that the house was built haphazardly.

Susan completed the assignment in a haphazard way.

13


ideal

(eye-diuhl)

adj. having no flaw or mistake, excellent, perfect

adv. ideally

n. ideal

The beach is an ideal place to relax.

Candidates fot the job should ideally have five years experience in similiar positions.

14


persistent

(puhr-sis-tuhnt)

adj. continuous, refusing to give up, firm in action or decision, constant

v. persist

n. persistence

adv. persistently

The attorney's persistent questioning weakened the witness.

Her persistence earned him a spot on the team.

15


wide

(vahyd)

adj. extending over a large area, broad

adv. widely

n. wideness

Pine forests are found over a wide area of the Pacific Northwest.

The senator has treaveled widely.

16


advanced

(uhd-vantst)

adj. ahead of current thoughts or practice, forward thinknig, new, progressive

v. advance

n. advancement

advanced technology is changing the world.

his advancement to captain came unexpectedly.

17


advantage

(uhd-van-tuhdj)

n. something that may help one to be successful or to gain something, benefit

adv. advantageously

adj. advantageous

Is there any advantage in arriving early.

He was advantageously born into a rich family.

 

18


advent

(ad-vuhnt)

n. the coming or appearance of something, arrival

With the advent of computers, many tasks have been made easier.

The newspapers announced the advent of the concert season.

 

19


agile

(adj-ahyl)

adj. able to move in a quick and easy way, nimble

adv. agilely

n. agileness

n. agility

Deer are very agile animals.

She moved agilely across the stage.

 

20


albeit

(ahl-bahyt)

conj. in spite of the facts, regardless of the fact, although

His trip was successful albeit tiring.

Albeit difficult at times, speaking another language is rewarding.

21


albeit

(ahl-bahyt)

conj. in spite of the facts, regardless of the fact, although

His trip was successful albeit tiring.

Albeit difficult at times, speaking another language is rewarding.