(Lesson 6) Appendicular Skeleton-Pelvic Girdle/Lower Limbs Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > (Lesson 6) Appendicular Skeleton-Pelvic Girdle/Lower Limbs > Flashcards

Flashcards in (Lesson 6) Appendicular Skeleton-Pelvic Girdle/Lower Limbs Deck (60):
1

Os Coxa

The hip bone composed of the ilium, ischium, and pubis

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acetabulum

lateral depression of the os coxa which articulates with the head of the femur

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obturator foramen of os coxa

large opening between ischium and pubis

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ilium

superior flattened portion of the os coxa

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iliac crest of the ilium

ridge on the superior border of the ilium

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anterior superior iliac spine

anterior termination of the iliac crest

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anterior inferior iliac spine

process inferior to the anterior superior iliac spine

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posterior superior iliac spine

posterior termination of the iliac crest

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posterior inferior iliac spine

process inferior to the posterior superior iliac spine, superior to greater sciatic notch

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greater sciatic notch of ilium

indentation in ilium. inferior to the posterior inferior iliac spine

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articular surface of ilium

region on ilium for articulation with sacrum.

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iliac fossa

a depression on medial side of the fan-shaped portion of the ilium

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Ischium

posterior and inferior portion of os coxa

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Ramus of ischium

flattened part on inferior portion of ischium

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ischial spine

process located posterior to the acetabulum.

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lesser sciatic notch

notch immediately inferior to ischial spine

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ischial tuberosity

inferior roughened surface of the ischium for ligament and muscle attachment.

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Pubis

most anterior portion of the os coxa

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superior ramus of pubis

flattened superior border of the orbturator foramen

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inferior ramus of pubis

flattened medial border of the orbturator foramen

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pubic tubercle

anterior prominence superior to the pubis symphysis, lateral end of pubic crest

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pubic crest

margin of bone between the pubic tubercles of adjacent pubis bones.

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Pubic Symphysis

fibrocartilage disc which jpins the two os coxa anteriorly

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Femur

Bone of the upper leg. Thigh.

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head of femur

superior rounded portion that forms ball-and-socket joint with the acetabulum

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fovea capitis of femur

central depression on the femoral head for a ligamentous attachment to the acetabulum

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neck of femur

narrowed part which connects the head to the shaft at a lateral angle

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shaft of femur

the diaphysis or femoral body

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greater trochanter of femur

large prominence lateral to the femoral head

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lesser trochanter of femur

smaller prominence inferior to the head on the medial side of the femur

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intertrochanteric crest of femur

region formed posteriorly between the greater and lesser trochanters

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intertrochanteric line of femur

region formed anteriorly between the greater and lesser trochanters

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gluteal tuberosity of femur

roughened surface adjacent to prolonged lateral ridge of superior linea aspera

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linea aspera of femur

rough surface on the posterior side of the femur extending vertically along the shaft

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medial condyle of femur

medial knob on the distal end of the femur which forms a hinge joint with the tibia

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lateral condyle of femur

lateral knob on the distal end of the femur which forms a hinge joint with the tibia

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medial epicondyle of femur

medial elevation on the distal end of the femur superior and medial to the condyle

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lateral epicondyle of femur

lateral elevation on the distal end of the femur superior and lateral to the condyle

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intercondylar notch of femur

posterior notch located between the condyles

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patellar surface of femur

anterior depression between the femoral condyles

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Patella

triangular sesamoid bone. Knee cap.

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Apex of patella

pointed inferior end

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base of patella

superior flat portion of patella

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articular facets of patella

depressions which articulate with the femoral condyles.

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Tibia

The anteriomedial bone of the lower leg. Shinbone.

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Medial Condyle of the Tibia

medial depression on the proximal end of the tibia which articulates with the femur

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lateral condyle of the Tibia

lateral depression on the proximal end of the tibia which articulates with the femur

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intercondylar eminence of tibia

process between the two condyles

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tibial tuberosity

rough surface on the anterior and proximal surface of the tibia

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anterior crest of tibia

long vertical ridge on the anterior surface of the tibia

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medial malleolus of tibia

distal medial process forming the ankle bulge

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fibular notch

lateral notch on the distal end of tibia where the tibia and fibula articulate

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fibula

long thin bone lateral and slightly posterior to the tibia. "Pin"

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head of fibula

knob at proximal end of fibula

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lateral malleolus of fibula

lateral process on the distal end of fibula

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tarsus

posterior foot comprised of seven bones

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7 bones of tarsus

talus, calcaneus (with tuberosity), navicular, cuboid, lateral cuneiform, intermediate cuneiform, medial cuneiform.

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Metatarsus

middle portion of the foot comprised of five bones

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Phalanges

four digits, each consisting of proximal, middle, and distal bone. The hallux having only two. total=14-each phalanx has a proximal base and distal head.

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