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Flashcards in Lesson 8 Deck (83):
0

What does anterior mean?

Pertaining to the front of the body

1

What does posterior mean?

Pertaining to the rear of the body

2

What does cranial mean?

Pertaining to the cranium or head end of body

3

What does caudal mean?

Pertaining to the tail end of the body

4

What does cephalic mean?

Pertaining to the head end of the body

5

What does rostral mean?

Pertaining to the nose end of the body or toward the nose

6

What does dorsal mean?

Pertaining to the back area of the body (the back)

7

What does ventral mean?

Pertaining to the underside of the animal

8

What does medial mean?

Denoting a position closer to the median plane of the body

9

What does lateral mean?

Denoting a position farther away from the median plane of the body

10

What does axial mean?

Pertaining to or situated near a longitudinal line about which the body would rotate

11

What does peripheral mean?

Pertaining to or situated near the areas or surfaces of the body or a structure most distant from their origin.

12

What does superior mean?

Above

13

What does inferior mean?

Below

14

What does deep mean?

Far beneath the surface

15

What does superficial mean?

Near the surface; not deep

16

What does adjacent mean?

Next to, adjoining

17

What does proximal mean?

Nearest to the central axis of the body

18

What does distal mean?

Farthest from the center of the body

19

What does oblique mean?

On a plane not parallel to 1 of the 3 major directional axes

20

What does median mean?

Plane dividing body into equal left and right halves

21

What does Sagittal mean?

Plane parallel to the median plane, dividing the body into unequal left and right sides

22

What does transverse plane mean?

Plane dividing the body into cranial and caudal portions

23

What does dorsal plane mean?

Plane dividing body into dorsal and ventral portions orientated at right angles to the median plane

24

What does quadrants mean?

1 of four parts

25

What does recumbent mean?

Lying down. If modifying term is present, it describes the body surface on which the animal is laying

26

What does supine mean?

In dorsal recumbency

27

What does supination mean?

Act of turning the body or leg so it's ventral aspect is up

28

What does prone mean?

In ventral recumbency

29

What does pronation mean?

Act of turning the body or leg so it's ventral aspect is down

30

What does palmar mean?

The undersurface of the front foot

31

What does plantar mean?

The underside of the rear foot

32

What does abduction mean?

Movement of limb away from the median plane of the body

33

What does adduction mean?

Movement of the limb towards the median plane of the body

34

What does rotation mean?

Turning about an axis

35

What does eversion mean?

Turning inside out

36

What does flexion mean?

To bend

37

What does the prefix occlusal mean?

Surface of a caudal tooth that contacts the opposing tooth when the jaws are closed

38

What does the prefix buccal mean?

Surface if a caudal tooth facing the cheek

39

What does the prefix lingual mean?

Surface of tooth facing the tongue. As an adjective it pertains to the tongue

40

What does the prefix contact mean?

Surface of the tooth in contact with the next tooth in the same row

41

What does the prefix distal mean?

Contacts surface of a tooth, furthest from the midline of the dental arcade

42

What does mesial mean?

Contact surface of the tooth closest to the midline of the dental arcade

43

What does the prefix ab- mean?

Away from

44

What does the prefix ad- mean?

Toward

45

What does the prefix circum mean?

Around

46

What does the prefix contra means?

Against, opposed, opposite

47

What does the prefix ecto mean?

Outer

48

What does the prefix exo mean?

Outside, outward

49

What does the prefix endo mean?

Within

50

What does the prefix Epi- mean?

On or upon

51

What does the prefix extra mean?

In addiction to

52

What does the prefix infra mean?

Below

53

What does the prefix ipsi mean?

Same

54

What does the prefix meso mean?

Middle, pertaining to the mesentery

55

What does the prefix meta mean?

Transformation

56

What does the prefix para mean?

Beside, beyond, apart from

57

What does the prefix peri mean?

Around

58

What does the prefix retro mean?

Backward or behind

59

What does the prefix sub- mean?

Under or near

60

What does the prefix supra mean?

Above or over

61

What does the prefix trans mean?

Across, through or beyond

62

What does the suffix -ad mean?

Direct towArd or in the direction of

63

What does the prefix uni mean?

1

64

What does the prefix bi mean?

2

65

What does the prefix tri mean?

3

66

What does the prefix quadr mean?

4

67

What does the prefix multi mean?

Many or much

68

What does the prefix primi mean?

First

69

What does the prefix semi mean?

Half or partially

70

What does the prefix hemi mean?

Half, on one side

71

What does the prefix ambi mean?

Both sides

72

What does the prefix deci mean?

1/10

73

What does the prefix centi mean?

1/100

74

What does the prefix hecto mean?

100

75

What does the prefix milli mean?

1/1000

76

What does the prefix kilo mean?

1000

77

What does the prefix micro mean?

1/1,000,000

78

What does the prefix nano mean?

1/10,000,000

79

What does the prefix ang- mean?

1/10,000,000,000

80

What does the prefix mono mean?

Single

81

What does the prefix diplo mean?

Twin

82

What does the suffix -um mean?

A noun referring to an area of the body