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1

is a type of polity that is an organized political community living under a single system of government. States may or may not be sovereign. For instance, federated states are members of a federal union, and may have only partial sovereignty, but are, nonetheless, states.

state

2

Body of those written or unwritten fundamental laws which regulate he most important rights of the magistrates and most important essential privileges of the subjects

constitution

3

changes a limited scope or only some parts

amendments

4

change where there is a full alteration

revision

5

Natures or Purpose of Constitutions

-serves a supreme or fundamental laws
-establish basic framework and underlying principles of the govt.

6

2 kinds of constitutions

WRITTEN
UNWRITTEN

7

definitive written form at particular time
and underwent CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION

WRITTEN CONSTITUTION

8

Product of political evolutions bearing different dates

UNWRITTEN CONSTITUTION

9

2 kinds of government

de jure
de facto

10

de jure government

legitimate and supported by constitution. (to describe something that exists legally)

11

de facto
kind of government

illegitimate supported by people, not by constitution or international identities. (which means "by fact, or "by practice.") if gained PLEBISCITE (wide acceptance)

12

Principle of state continuity

The state will continue to exist, they will be given time to create a new government.

13

The components of the territory of the state: (4 domains)

terrestrial,
fluvial,
maritime
aerial domains.

14

The most significant issues by UNCLOS covered were:

setting limits,
navigation,
archipelagic status and transit regimes,
exclusive economic zones (EEZs),
continental shelf jurisdiction,
deep seabed mining,
the exploitation regime,
protection of the marine environment, scientific research,
and settlement of disputes.

15

UNCLOS

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

16

SYMBOLIC HEAD OF STATE with 6 year term

President

17

PRESIDENTIAL CRITERIA

-40 yrs old
-Natural born filipino
-registered voter
-able to read and write.
-resided in ph for 10 years

18

Grounds for impeachment of President

Bribary
Treason
Graft/Corruption
Culpable (blame worthy)
Lost of Public Trust

19

3 interdependent branches of the government

Legislative
Executive
Judiciary

20

the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.

Legislative branch

21

Executes and enforces law. It is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.

Executive branch

22

is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state

Judiciary branch

23

the introductory part of a statute or deed, stating its purpose, aims, and justification.

Preamble

24

The legislative power is vested in the: (BICAMERAL)

Congress of the Philippines which consists of the Senate and House of Representatives.

25

The executive power is vested in the

President of the Philippines
Vice President
Cabinet

26

The judiciary power is vested in the

Supreme Court of the Philippines
lower courts
special courts
court of tax appeal
PERPETUAL TO DEATH> Regional trial court.

27

supreme power or authority.

sovereignty

28

Acquisition of sovereignty (land) is by :

Accretion
Cession
Conquest
Effective occupation

29

refers to the physical expansion of an existing territory through geographical processes

Accretion

30

A state may acquire sovereignty over territory if that sovereignty is ceded (transferred) to it by another state.
ex. treaty

Cession