Flashcards in Leyes study guide Deck (18):
DNA that enters a bacterial cell can be _____, integrated into the host ______, or integrated into a _____ (extrachromosomal element
______ _____, or restriction enzymes, are used by bacteria to _____ foreign DNA
______ is the uptake of naked DNA by "_____ ____"
______ is the transfer of DNA between bacteria through a ______
______ is transfer of DNA through cell to cell contact using a ____ ____
mutations in DNA can cause ______ resistance. ______ can be the result of base changes, deletions, insertions, duplications, or rearrangements. ______ are less likely to cause antibiotic resistance
different bacteria occupy different environmental _____ in the oral cavity. sub gingival bacteria are generally ______. supra gingival bacterial are generally ______.
factors that promote ______ in the oral cavity include adherence properties, synergistic bacteria, nutritional substrates, temperature, and moisture content
factors that inhibit colonization in the oral cavity include what three things?
-antimicrobial properties of saliva
there are MANY bacteria that are associated with _______, while there are FEWER species associated with ______ _____
shifts in microbial composition occur in ______, however no _____ is found in all patients with periodontitis and never found in _____ subjects
the tissue destruction that occurs during periodontitis is mainly the result of a _____ _____
there is a small shift from gram _____ to gram _____ during periodontitis
the complexity of the ____ _____ increases during periodontal disease
there is a slight shift to more ______ _____ in periodontitis
microbial _____ declines in caries
there is a progression of ____ _____ as caries progresses