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Flashcards in Lezione 5A Deck (11)
1

Verbs forming the passato prossimo with essere must agree in ________ and ________ with the subject of the sentence.

Number and Gender

2

Verbs that use essere in the passato prossimo generally describe what kind of action?

Something in motion or not in motion, states of being, and changes of state.. (Transitive Verb)

3

Essere shares it's past participle with what other verb?

Stare.

Use context to discern which verb is being used.

4

Direct Objects:

~ A direct object in a sentence recieves the action of a verb directly and answers the question what? or whom?

~ D.O pronouns replace D.O. nouns.

~ What are the D.O. pronouns?

mi       me

ti         you/La you (formal)

lo        him/it

la        her/it

ci        us

vi        you

li         them 

le        them

 

5

Direct Object:

D.O. pronouns are placed where in relation to the verb?

Immediately before

(with past tense, goes even before avere.)

~ Direct Object pronouns are not used with passato prossimo using essere!

6

Which D.O. pronouns, when used with the past participle, *require* the past participle to agree with them in number and gender?

lo, la, li, le.

 

Le pesche? i bambini le hanno mangiate

7

How do you call attention to a person or object?

Attach the D.O. pronoun to Ecco

"dov'è la crostata...? Eccola!" 

8

Expressions of quantity:

Partitives express "some" or "any".

1) How do you form the partitive?

2) How do you use the partitive with non-count nouns?

3) What three word expression can you use with non-count nouns?

4) Which two partitive words can be used wth countable nouns?

 

1) Combine di with the definite article:

Sing:

  • dei, dell',  dello
  • della,  dell'

Plural:

  • dei, degli
  • delle

2) Use the singular for of the noun, and then the partitive.

 "Compriamo dello yogurt"

3) un po' di

4) Alcuni/e and qualche.

9

Partitives:

What are some other adjectives that describe quantity?

  • molto - a lot, many
  • poco - litle
  • troppo - too much/many
  • tanto - so much/many
  • tutto - all

                      *always use the definite article after tutto.

 

 

10

bere

  • bevo
  • bevi
  • beve
  • beviamo
  • bevete
  • bevono

 

Past Participle: avere bevuto

to drink

11

to drink

bere

  • bevo
  • bevi
  • beve
  • beviamo
  • bevete
  • bevono

 

Past Participle: avere bevuto