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Flashcards in Lezione 5A Deck (11)

Verbs forming the passato prossimo with essere must agree in ________ and ________ with the subject of the sentence.

Number and Gender


Verbs that use essere in the passato prossimo generally describe what kind of action?

Something in motion or not in motion, states of being, and changes of state.. (Transitive Verb)


Essere shares it's past participle with what other verb?


Use context to discern which verb is being used.


Direct Objects:

~ A direct object in a sentence recieves the action of a verb directly and answers the question what? or whom?

~ D.O pronouns replace D.O. nouns.

~ What are the D.O. pronouns?

mi       me

ti         you/La you (formal)

lo        him/it

la        her/it

ci        us

vi        you

li         them 

le        them



Direct Object:

D.O. pronouns are placed where in relation to the verb?

Immediately before

(with past tense, goes even before avere.)

~ Direct Object pronouns are not used with passato prossimo using essere!


Which D.O. pronouns, when used with the past participle, *require* the past participle to agree with them in number and gender?

lo, la, li, le.


Le pesche? i bambini le hanno mangiate


How do you call attention to a person or object?

Attach the D.O. pronoun to Ecco

"dov'è la crostata...? Eccola!" 


Expressions of quantity:

Partitives express "some" or "any".

1) How do you form the partitive?

2) How do you use the partitive with non-count nouns?

3) What three word expression can you use with non-count nouns?

4) Which two partitive words can be used wth countable nouns?


1) Combine di with the definite article:


  • dei, dell',  dello
  • della,  dell'


  • dei, degli
  • delle

2) Use the singular for of the noun, and then the partitive.

 "Compriamo dello yogurt"

3) un po' di

4) Alcuni/e and qualche.



What are some other adjectives that describe quantity?

  • molto - a lot, many
  • poco - litle
  • troppo - too much/many
  • tanto - so much/many
  • tutto - all

                      *always use the definite article after tutto.





  • bevo
  • bevi
  • beve
  • beviamo
  • bevete
  • bevono


Past Participle: avere bevuto

to drink


to drink


  • bevo
  • bevi
  • beve
  • beviamo
  • bevete
  • bevono


Past Participle: avere bevuto