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Natural Science Grade 5 Team > Life and Living and Structures > Flashcards

Flashcards in Life and Living and Structures Deck (57)
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1

What are habitats in water called?

Aquatic habitats

2

What are habitats on land called?

Terrestrial habitats.

3

What does INTERDEPENDENCE mean in terms of plants and animals?

Plants and animals depend on each other for food and shelter.

4

What does BIODIVERSITY mean?

Plants, animals and their habitats make up the biodiversity on earth.

5

What are INDIGENOUS plants and animals?

They are plants and animals that have always lived in a certain area.

6

How has the water lily adapted to live in water?

The leaves are large and flat and float on the water.

7

How has the aloe adapted to live in dry areas?

The leaves are thick and fleshy to store water.

8

How have rooibos plants adapted to dry and sandy soil?

The leaves are thin and small so less water loss takes place.

9

How has a frog adapted to live in water?

Fingers and toes are webbed so it can swim.

10

How have zebra adapted to live in grasslands?

Strong legs for running and stripes that temporarily blind predators when running.

11

Describe what a plant HOST is.

A plant that provides food, water or shelter for another plant.

12

Describe how butterflies and flowers depend on each other.

Butterflies drink nectar from flowers and flowers depend on butterflies for pollination.

13

Name some of the non-living things (RESOURCES) that animals and plants depend on to survive.

Air, water, sun, soil

14

Why is it important to remove alien plants from a natural habitat?

The alien plants grow more quickly and use up the resources required by the indigenous plants.

15

Define EXOSKELETON.

Shell or hard covering on the outside of an animal.

16

Define INVERTEBRATE.

An animal that doesn't have a backbone made of bone.

17

What does it means when an animals MOULTS?

The animal sheds its outer covering to grow a new bigger one.

18

What is an ENDOSKELETON?

The skeleton is found inside an animals body.

19

Define VERTEBRATE.

An animal with a bony backbone.

20

What is CARTILAGE?

Flexible, tough substance that cushions bones at joints.

21

Name the five groups of animals that have an ENDOSKELETON.

Mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians.

22

Define the word HABITAT.

The natural home of a plant or animal
(Main = water [such as swamps or marine] or land [such as forests or deserts])

23

What does it mean to say that animals have adapted?

Over long periods of time, animals have changed (or adapted) to suit their habitats. This means that they have developed traits to help them travel, stay safe, and find food.

24

How does pond weed adapt?

It grows just under the surface of the water to get lots of sun and has a flexible stem to move with the water.

25

How has a cactus adapted?

It has a large stem to store water and has turned its leaves into spines because there is so much sun.

26

How do plants that grow under trees adapt?

They grow bigger leaves to reach out and find sunlight.

27

How has the dolphin adapted?

Smooth skin to swim fast.

28

How has the eagle adapted?

Big eyes for spotting prey.

29

How has the camel adapted?

Hump for storing fat for food.

30

How has the giraffe adapted?

Long neck to reach high leaves.