Life Course Chapter 7: Young Adulthood Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Life Course Chapter 7: Young Adulthood Deck (22)
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1
Q

Social role transitions in young adulthood

A

-leaving home
-taking on work/education tasks
-gaining financial independence
_making a partnership commitment
-becoming a parent
_renegotiating relationships with parents
_time commitments to families and newly created families
-starting a career
engaging with the community and the wider social world

2
Q

intimacy vs isolation

A

erickson: time when individuals move from the identity fragmentation, confusion and exploration of adolescence into more intimate engagement with significan tothers. able to achieve the virtue of love

3
Q

life strucutre

A

outcome resulting from specific decisions and choices made long the life course in such areas as relationships, occupation, and child baring

4
Q

novice phase

A

17-33 levinson

5
Q

emerging adulthood

A

developmental phase distinct from both adolescence and young adulthood, occurring from ages 18-25 in industrialized societies.

6
Q

Kohlbers category of individuals ages 16 & older POSTCONVENTIONAL STAGE

A
  • greater independence in moral decision making
  • development of a moral conscience
  • move from seeking social approval through conformity to redefining and revising values and selecting behaviors that match those values.
  • recognition of larger systems and appreciation for community
  • understanding that social rules are relativistic rather than rigid and prescrived
7
Q

spirituality

A

a focus on that which gives meaning, purpose and direction to one’s life

8
Q

three dimensions of spirituality

A
  1. cognitive: beliefs, values, perceptions and meaning related to work, love and life
  2. affect: sense of connection and support attachemnt and bonding psychological attachment to work, love and life
  3. behavior: practices, rituals, and behavioral experiences
9
Q

synthetic-conventional faith

A

faith is rooted in external authority

10
Q

individuative-reflective faith

A

person begins to let go of the idea of eternal authority and looks for authority within the self

11
Q

James Marcia stages of identity formation

A
levels of exploration and commitment
diffused: no exploration, no commitment
foreclosed: no exploration, commitment
Moratorium: exploration, no commitment
Achievement: exploration, commitment
12
Q

intimacy

A

a sense of warmth or closeness: interdependence iwth another person, self-disclosure and affection

13
Q

romantic love

A

relationship that is sexually oriented, spontaneous and voluntary and occurs between equal partners

14
Q

tasks in fostering intimacy

A

-negotiating expectations, roles and responsibilities
-compromise
-prioritizing and upholding values
-how much to share of oneself
-meeting individual needs
meeting partnership needs
-renegotiating identity
-developing trust and security
-reciprocal communication
time commitment
-resolving conflict
-respect, support, care

15
Q

romance

A

emotional and sexual attraction, quick commitment

16
Q

friendship

A

emotional commitment; sexual behavior may or may not be part of relatinoship

17
Q

sexually explicit

A

sexual attraction is focal point; emotional intimacy secondary

18
Q

adjustment to parenthood

A
  • how role changes one’s sense of self
    -partners’ relationship
    relationship between young adults and their children
    each partners relationship with family of origin
    external relationships.
19
Q

fictive kin

A

non relatives that are considered family

20
Q

human capital

A

talents, skills, intellectual capacity, social development,, emotional regulatory capacity

21
Q

community assets

A

public infrastructure, community networks, and educational opportunities

22
Q

protective characteristics of young adulthood

A

temperament, health status, emotional support, number of stressful events