Limb Ulceration and Gangrene - Diabetic Foot Ulcers Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Limb Ulceration and Gangrene - Diabetic Foot Ulcers Deck (4)
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1
Q

What are the two main factors that can cause diabetic foot disease?

A
  1. Neuropathy (loss of protective sensation, Charcot’s arthropathy, dry skin).
  2. PAD (microvascular and microvascular ischaemia - impairs healing and blood supply).
2
Q

Commonly affected sites of diabetic foot ulcer.

A
  1. Plantar surface of metatarsal head.

2. Plantar surface of hallux.

3
Q

Prevention of Diabetic Foot Ulcers (3).

A
  1. Screen Diabetic patients annually for both ischaemia and neuropathy.
  2. Ischaemia - palpate dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial artery pulse.
  3. Neuropathy - 10g monofilament on various parts of the sole of the foot.
4
Q

Complications of Diabetic Foot Ulcers (6).

A
  1. Calluses.
  2. Ulceration.
  3. Charcot’s Arthropathy.
  4. Cellulitis.
  5. Osteomyelitis.
  6. Gangrene.