Liste des phrasal verbs et verbes prépositionnels fréquents dans la langue journalistique Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Liste des phrasal verbs et verbes prépositionnels fréquents dans la langue journalistique Deck (150):
1

to abide by

respecter, se soumettre à qqch
Americans hâve agreed to abide by a body of international law

2

to account for

expliquer, rendre compte de
He hasn't accounted for that material.

représenter
adultery accounted for 27 per cent of ail divorces

3

to act

act on:
prendre des mesures utiles pour
The time to act on that chance has now arrived, with the start of the German EU presidency

act up:
mal se comporter
Tennis players who act up on the court are behaving more like spoiled bratï than intense competitors

en faire davantage, remplacer temporairement un supérieur
Sir Ronnie's deputy Colin Cramphorn has been asked to act up until a new chief constable is chosen, probably in June. BBC News

4

to add up to

avoir pour résultat cumulé
setter quality quickly added up to 100,000 lives saved in this area alone.

5

to adhere to

se conformer à
Sir Man Sugar adhered to his basic rules of business life

6

to agree

agree on: se mettre d'accord sur
The verdict that they eventually agreed on is a subtle and crédible one

agree to: donner son consentement
the judge agreed to the deletion of sensitive information in the documents

agree with: être d'accord (avec qqun ou qqch)
Whether they agreed with him or not, everyone knew where Reagan stood

7

to aim at sth/doing

avoir pour objectif de faire qqch
Iranian and US officiais held the flrst meeting of a committee aimed at improving coopération on stabilizing Iraq

8

to allow for

prendre en considération
the alcohol screening scheme allowed for earlier intervention to tackle potential problems

permettre
that allowed for a maximum sentence of 60 years.

9

to amount to

revenir à, équivaloir à
many drivers complained that the congestion fées amounted to an assault on the middle class

10

to answer

answer for:
répondre de
Margaret O'Kane said the hospitals had a lot to answer for

answer to:
répondre de qqch devant qqun, être sous l'autorité de
The council's president, Bill Kane, called Mr Corzine a man who "answers to no one but himself"

11

to apply for

être candidat à
MrSeddon was one of more than 40 people who had applied for the nomination to succeed the late Sir Ray Powell as MP for the safe Labour seat.

12

to argue for/against

fournir des arguments pour/contre
have argued for urgent action.

13

to ascribe sth to sth

attribuer/imputer qqch à qqch
Some of the increase, he says, can be ascribed to rising real incomes.

14

to back

back away from:
prendre ses distances avec
Aides to Ashcroft, said he has not backed away from his pledges to uphold current laws without regard to his personal view

back down:
céder, renoncer à
The Home Secretary yesterday backed iown on enforcing wide-ranging powers for snooping on internet traffic.

back off from:
renoncer à
The government has already backed off from a plan

back out of :
se retirer de
An earlier settlement worth up to $30m had been announced in March, but the Boston archdiocese backed out of that deal in May.

back up:
soutenir (qqch ou qqch)
The Iraqi military is "going to need aviation support, tanks - and be backed up by US military units"

15

to bail

bail out:
renflouer
"Président Bush défends Fed's décision to bail out AIG." The Guardiam

bail out of:
se retirer de, renoncer a
A congressional report criticized the FBI for refusing to bail out of a failing and costly computerized case-management System.

16

to ba(u)lk at

rechigner à
Countries such as France and Germany hâve baulked atthe idea of contributing directly in the absence of a greater UN rôle in reconstruction.

17

to bank on

compter/parier sur
Cuba's enemies in the United States had banked on the collapse of its socialist system. The Washington Post

18

to bear

bear out:
confirmer
Early financial results from e-commerce companies bear out the trend.

bear with:
se montrer patient avec
Mr Madoka asked them to bear with the govemment

19

to bill sth as

présenter qqch comme
Mr Chévez has billed the accords as an "axis of unity"against the US, which he termsthe"empire",

20

to blow

blow over:
passer, être oublié
The Vatican believes that over time this whole scandal will blow over. The Times

blow up:
éclater, exploser
The controversy blew up last autumn

21

to be/get bogged down in/into

être enlisé/s'enliser dans
Tillman was killed just as the US military was becoming increasingly bogged down in Iraq

22

to boil down to

se résumer à
As always, it boils down to a question of land: Israël taking Palestinian land to ensure its security. BBC News

23

to border on

friser
In the face of political and économie turmoil at home and a situation j bordering on chaos in several of Portugal remaining colonies, Président Francisco da Costa Gomes was finally J forced to a décision that he had hoped to avoid.

24

to bow

bow out of :
se retirer de
The French socialist leader, Lionel Jospin, bowed out of politics after losmg his place in the race for the presidency.

bow to:
s'incliner devant
The chain-smoking Queen Margrethe of Denmark, hasbowedto public opinion and decided to stop smoking in public.

25

to bounce back

rebondir
Giuliani bounced back as: the debate tumed to his strongest topic

26

to branch out into

étendre ses activités dans
The company, which is branching out into new areas following its flotation last year, has launched a test version of Google Video

27

to break

break down: échouer
As talks broke down, Democrats were cautiously optimistic that they might beat the rule change outright by attracting at least six Republicans to vote against it.

break in: percer
Disney is one of the few new figurine makers that has managed to break into the market in a big way

break off: rompre
Russia is threatening to break off diplomatie relations with Estonia in the escalating row over the "blasphemous" removal of the Red Army mémorial in the centre of Tallinn.

break through: surmonter
Curie, then 40 and a widow, decided to break through préjudices that did not allow girls to take the baccalauréat.

break up: prendre fin
as the beleaguered Government called on its supporters to help fight invading rebels after peace talks broke up in confusion. The New York Times

break up into: se diviser
The internet could one day be broken up into separate networks around the j world, a leading light in the development of the net has warned. BBC News

28

to bring

bring about: apporter, produire


bring (a)round to: convaincre


bring back: réinstaurer


bring down: faire baisser


bring forth: provoquer, donner naissance à


bring forward: proposer, avancer


bring in:
rapporter


introduire, faire intervenir


bring on: déclencher


bring up: mentionner, évoquer

29

to broaden out

élargir/s'élargir
But Martin Stephen added, he would like the scheme broadened out to include, for instance, bright children

30

to brush aside

écarter
but such contacts at the time were brushed aside by Mr Bush. The Independent

31

to build on

tirer parti de, s'appuyer sur
The Hours has built on rhe success of The Others and Moulin Rouge

32

to buoy up

stimuler
a policy buoyed up by Moscow's rising income from oil and natural gas. BBC News

33

to call

call for:
nécessiter
Building a molecular computer is a challenge that calls for expertise in a variety of différent disciplines. Nature

réclamer, appeler de ses vœux
Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir John Stevens called for "drastic measures" to curb the gun culture. BBC News

call off: annuler
But the meeting was called off at the last minute by Surrey Police

call on/upon sb to do sth: enjoindre qqun de faire qqch
| They also called on the govemment to speed up the process of privatization

34

to care for

s'occuper de, prendre soin de
We asked readers how the Government should care for wounded servicemen following fury at the closure of military hospitals.

35

to carry

get carried away: s'emballer
But it seems to have got carried away. The Guardian

carry on: continuer
In 1956 the governmental vacuum lasted for 122 days, while the old Cabinet carried on as caretaker. Time

carry out: effectuer, mener à bien
René Hen and colleagues at the Institute of Biological Chemistry in Strasbourg carried out expenments on mice

carry over into: avoir des répercussions sur
The chairman, said the last 12 months of ad revenue déclines had carried over into the new financial year

carry through: mener à bien, rendre effectif
A new health bill was also announced, which will carry through a ban on smoking in public places. BBC News

36

to cast aside

se débarrasser de, rejeter
Yesterday Mr Duncan Smith cast thèse doubts aside

37

to catch up with

rattraper
the Chinese market as ripe for expansion, as the country strives to catch up with the developed world. BBC News

38

to cave in to

céder à
The flame was lit fortnight ago when the powerful Working Committee of the Congress Party caved in to the demands of India's 7,000,000 Sikhs for

39

to check up on

surveiller, enquêter sur
Senior police offlcers daim new powers to check up on convicted sex offenders in their homes do not go far enough,

40

to chip away at

affaiblir
Joe Warwick, its current editor, has chipped away at the UK monopoly once held by the mvariably dreary trade weekly Caterer & Hôtelkeeper. îr. The Financial Times

41

to clamp / to crack down on

prendre des mesures drastiques contre
A Tory MP today called on the justice minister, Jack Straw, to clamp down on internet images and videos of violence and criminal activity. The Guardian

42

to close in on

cerner
apparently fearful authorities might be closing in on him. | The Chicago Tribune

43

to come

come about: se produire
Its discovery came about like this

come (a)round to: se ranger à
Mr Campbell gradually came round to the view

come down on: s'en prendre à, se montrer intraitable envers
Independents are coming down on the anti-war side

come down to: revenir à, se résumera
Well, it ail cornes down to the way you measure the increase in the cost of living.

come in for: être l'objet de, subir
other foreign-made goods came in for sharp criticism from Mr Forbes and Mr Alexander

come into (force, effect): entrer en (vigueur)
25 per cent said that they had gone to the pub more often since it came into effect. The Independent

come under: être soumis à
The Health Minister, yesterday came under increasing pressure to award compensation to hundreds of Scottish haemophiliacs

come up against: se heurter à
Bolton came up against résistance from Fingar's bureau

come up to: correspondre à, être à la hauteur de
the water fails to come up to standards of cleanliness recommended by the European Union.

come up with: proposer
She happened to know the Medicaid process inside out, and she came up with an idea

44

to conjure up

évoquer
a slogan which conjures up images of kindly cashiers

45

to cry out against

s'opposer avec force à
But Mrs Sheehan's is not the only voice crying out against the war.

46

to cut

cut across: toucher, affecter sans distinction
A wide north-south divide in the health of the nation persists in Britain, cutting across ail social classes, according to research published today. The Guardian

cut back/down (on): réduire
Although car-sharing with friends and colleagues is the time-honoured way of cutting back on émissions

cut off from: isolé de
the nine Justices are perceived as being above the fray and primly eut off from everyday life. Time

be cut out for: avoir des prédispositions pour
Are men cut out for the job market?

47

to dabble in/with

faire un peu de
HarryOppenheimerwas a businessman who dabbled in politics.

48

to date back to

remonter à
Its arcane System dates back to Elizabethan times, with the head of the feudal government

49

to dawn on/upon

apparaître à
Mr Blair did not intend to mount such an offensive on European policy until it dawned on him

50

to deal with

s'occuper de, avoir affaire à
The ATP also needs to deal with the problem of what exactly is safe

51

to decide on/upon

se décider pour, choisir
Bush has decided on a policy that leaves the Democrats outraged in their disapproval

52

to delve into

fouiller dans
at the former Greater London Council without delving into his private life. The Daily Telegraph

53

to depart from

rompre avec
But Penguin is about to depart from convention.

54

to depend on

dépendre de
His authority will dépend almostentirely on his influence > on the president,

compter sur
Your business will dépend on your network

55

to deprive of

priver de
he will deprive them of something to loathe. The New Statesman

56

to devote to

consacrer à
The Cambodian-born film-maker Rithy Panh, who devotes ail his energy to combating oblivion, is deeply concerned about the distress of Franco-Khmer youth. The Guardian

57

to discriminate against

discriminer
The employment tribunal said John Reaney, 42, was discriminated against "on grounds of sexual orientation'

58

to die

die away: disparaître
The summit ended on the Saturday afternoon and the clashes died away. BBCNews

die down: se calmer, s'atténuer
Although the controversy died down in the UK, the USA is now becoming a fertile ground for DTC genetic testing

die out: disparaître
The necessity for the techniques of producing India pale ale eventually died out, but the taste for it did not. The New York Times

59

to dispose of

se débarrasser de
The government is planning to dispose of nuclear waste in a deep underground repository

60

to dissociate from

dissocier de
The activities of the chatelaine of 10 Downing Street cannot be dissociated from the office that puts her there. The Times

61

to dissolve into

plonger dans, laisser place à
Once we eliminate Hussein's government, we'll have to occupy the entire country for years to make sure it doesn't dissolve into chaos. The Chicago Tribune

62

to do

do away with: supprimer
BT argues that Fusion is not designed to do away with the flxed-line phone,

do without: se passer de
the resentment against the US for believing it was powerful enough to do without international support has never entirely gone away. BBC News

63

to be doomed to

être voué à
managing such projects across oceans is doomed to failure. Newsweek

64

to drag

drag down: tirer vers le bas
America, at a lowly 96th position (only one above Iran), is dragged down by factors such as its involvement

drag on: s'éterniser
But as the complex negotiations dragged on, with proposais and counterproposals circulating among companies

65

to dream up

imaginer
It asked its 61,000 employees to dream up new ideas. Forbes

66

to drift apart

s'éloigner
Despite booming bilateral trade, Japan and South Korea have drifted apart in recent months

67

to drive

drive down: faire baisser
A strong rupee lowers the value of imports to India, and drives down the demand for exports,

drive out: faire partir
the ones who want to seal the border and deport or drive out illegal immigrants. The Washington Post

drive up: faire monter
"Retiring baby boomers driving up prices of vacation homes". Los Angeles Business Journal

68

to drop

drop behind: se laisser distancer
Oxford has dropped behind Cambridge for the fïrst time since 2001. The Daily Telegraph

drop out of: abandonner (ses études)
Almost half of 17 year olds in some parts of England hâve dropped out of fulltime éducation or training, government statistics reveal. BBC News

69

to elaborate on

donner des détails sur
Charles Kennedy, the former Libéral Democrat leader, had refused to elaborate on his attempts to give up drinking

70

to embark on/upon

entreprendre, se lancer dans
they embark upon what has historically been a very slippery slope. International Herald Tribune

71

to encroach on/upon

empiéter sur
the aggressive antiterrorism programs championed by the Bush administration are encroaching on civil liberties,

72

to engage in

se lancer dans
anyone who "has engaged in hostilities against the United States. The Washington Post

73

to even out

équilibrer, aplanir
Structural Funds, which aim to even out différences between rich and poor régions in the EU. BBC News

74

to expand on

donner des détails sur
He expanded on his ideas during a visit to a secondary school in west London

75

to face up to

faire face à, accepter la réalité de
Beijing refuses to face up to its own aggressions

76

to fade

fade away: disparaître, diminuer
"Union power is fading away, despite the Democrats' efforts". The Economist

fade out: disparaître progressivement
The Cathode Ray Tube technology is fading out of the market. The New York Times

77

to fall

fall apart: s'effondrer, se désagréger
"Behind a façade of normality, Zimbabwe is visibly falling apart". The Guardian

fall in with:
se lier d'amitié avec
After falling in with the wrong crowd and stuggling to get to grips with éducation,

se ranger au point de vue de
now, very belatedly, even the mega-rich are beginning to fall in with the idea. The Independent

fall off: décroître
though Chinese arms sales fell off significantly last year. BBC News

fall to: incomber à
Moreover, it fell to him to end this experiment and the System that lay behind it The Economist

78

to figure out

comprendre

79

to fit in with

concorder avec
The study on marijuana fits in with previous work that has shown the illicit substance adversely affects maie fertility.

80

to focus on

se concentrer sur

81

to foist on

imposer à
a wrongheaded theory foisted upon the public by unscrupulous scientists. The New York Times

82

to be founded on

être fondé sur

83

to get

get away with: commettre un acte en toute impunité
'How the UN lets genocidal states get away with murder." The Guardian

get around: contourner
Others said there are other ways to get around the problem of immuneSystem rejection

84

to give

give away: divulguer
the area they are about to enter will give away secrets. BBC News

give into: céder à
"It is essential that governments never give in to blackmail from terrorists or criminals

85

to gloss over

dissimuler
Japanese history textbooks conveniently glossed over the truth about Impérial Japan's behavior abroad.

86

to go

go against: aller à l'encontre de
The appeal goes against the décision of council planners

go ahead [/through] with: mettre à exécution
the prime minister is determined to go ahead with the plan. BBC News

go with: aller de pair avec
if eschewing the cult of personality that often goes with the job. The Times

87

to hammer away at

revenir inlassablement sur
various administrations hammered away at America's debt,

88

to hand in

remettre
Tony Blair has handed in his résignation to the Queen

89

to hang

hang back from: être réticent à
The governors of both parties are hanging back from making endorsements.

hang on to: s'accrocher à
They said the changes would leave them hanging on to academic independence"by their fingernails".

90

to hedge against

se prémunir contre
Buying commodities is an alternative way of hedging against inflation

91

to hold back

ralentir
Weakness in private consumption appeared to be the main factor holding back growth

92

to hunt down

traquer
he would send troops into Pakistan to hunt down terrorists even without local permission

93

to impact on

avoir un impact sur
"The Hutton report will impact on the renewal of the BBC's charter,"

94

to impinge on/upon

empiéter sur
many critics have said that the legislation impinges on civil liberties.

95

to keep

keep down: restreindre
the state should enlist some lawyers from the attorney general's office to help keep down costs.

keep on: ne pas cesser de
CD sales around the world will keep on falling for the next two years, rs, a report has predicted.

keep up with: faire face à
Expansion in renewable energies is barely keeping up with increasing demand.

96

to lag behind

avoir du retard
Europe "is still lagging behind in its ability to generate, oie, organize and sustain innovation processes and productivity growth in pharmaceuticals."

97

to lay

lay aside: mettre de cote
the refusal of many MPs to lay prejudice aside

lay off: licencier
Pop.com has decided to lay off almost all its employees.

98

to live

live off: vivre aux depens de
"that unemployment results and people live off the welfare state,"

live up to: etre a la hauteur de
Both the team and the individual lived up to expectations on the opening day of a three-match series.

99

to look

look back on: revenir sur, evoquer
dozens of Republican members of the House class of 1994 looked back on the election that catapulted their party into the majority.

look down on: regarder de haut, mepriser
The idea that many Europeans are I looking down on Americans has led to a flurry of interest in trying to explain the trend.

look forward to: attendre avec impatience
"Looking forward to a spam-free future".

look into: examiner
The American State Department says it is looking into reports that the Venezuelan president, Hugo Chavez, has been involved in attempts to destabilise Bolivia and Ecuador.

look out for: etre a la recherche de
The Bank told the City last month that it was looking out for evidence of firms trying to pass on their costs in the form of higher prices.

100

to lose out on

etre perdant
companies must not risk losing out on profits altogether.

101

to make for

rattraper

102

to measure up to

etre a la hauteur de

103

to move away from

abandonner

104

to muster up

rassembler

105

to opt in ≠ to opt out of

contribuer a ≠ ne pas contribuer a, renoncer a

106

to partake of

evoquer

107

to pass away

deceder

108

to phase in ≠ to phase out

introduire ≠ supprimer progressivement

109

to pick up

redemarrer

110

to play down

minimiser

111

to point out

faire remarquer

112

to preside over

presider a

113

to pull

pull ahead of: devancer

pull out of: se retirer de

114

to push

push back: faire reculer

push through: faire adopter

115

to put

put across: faire passer

put aside: mettre de cote

put away: incarcerer

put down to: mettre sur le compte de

put forward: mettre en avant, proposer

put up with: supporter

116

to reckon with

compter avec

117

to reside in

resider dans

118

to resort to

recourir a

119

to rest on/upon

etre fonde sur

120

to result in

avoir pour consequence

121

to revert to

en revenir a

122

to rule out

exclure

123

to run

run out of: etre a court de

run up against: se heurter a

124

to safeguard against

se premunir contre

125

to see

see through: mener a terme

see to: s'occuper de, veiller a

126

to set

set about: s'atteler a une tache

be set against: refuser de

set off: declencher

set up: etablir, fonder

127

to settle down

se calmer

128

to sex up

rendre plus attrayant, exagerer

129

to shape up

prendre forme

130

to single out

distinguer, prendre pour cible

131

to slow down

ralentir

132

to sort out

mettre de I'ordre dans, resoudre

133

to spring/to stem from

resulter de

134

to stand

stand out against: se distinguer de

stand up for: defendre

135

to step

step back from: prendre du recul par rapport a

step down: demissionner

136

to be sworn in

preter serment

137

to sweep aside

balayer, ecarter

138

to take

take aback: deconcerter

be taken in: etre dupé, trompé

take off: decoller

take over (as): prendre la releve (en tant que)

139

to talk up

presenter de maniere positive

140

to think

think ahead: anticiper, reflechir a I'avenir

think over: reflechir

141

to tie in with

concorder avec

142

to tone /to water down

attenuer, edulcorer

143

to turn

turn down: rejeter

turn out (to be): s'averer

144

to trigger off

declencher

145

to usher in

etre a I'origine de, introduire

146

to verge on/upon

friser, froler

147

to vie for

rivaliser pour

148

to wear

wear down: affaiblir, s'affaiblir

wear off: s'amenuiser

149

to weigh against

comparer, mettre en balance

150

to wipe out

eradiquer