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Flashcards in Lit Terms 4 Deck (30)
1

Loose sentence

I long sentence that starts with its main clause which is followed by several dependent clauses and modifying phrases

2

Parallel structure

The use of similar forms in writing for nouns, verbs, phrases, or thoughts

3

Periodic sentence

A long sentence in which the main clause is not completed until the end

4

Polysyndeton

A rhetorical term for the repeated use of conjunctions to link together a succession of words ////and....and....and

5

Rhetoric

Art of using words to persuade in writing or speaking

6

Ad homineum

"To the man". A person's character is attacked instead of his argument

7

Ad populum

"To the crowd" A misconception that a widespread occurrence of something is assumed

8

Begging the question

Occurs when someone assumes the truth of the statement to be approved without providing evidence to support statement

9

Circular reasoning

Occurs when evidence is given to support a claim is simply a restatement of the claim in other words

10

Damning with faint praise

Attacking a person by formally praising him/her, but for an achievement that should not be praised

11

Devils advocate

One who deliberately takes the opposite in that argument to prove a point

12

Enthymeme

Syllogism in which one the premises or the conclusion is not stated explicitly

13

Epistrophe

Repetition of the phrase at the end of successive sentences

14

Ethos

Ethical appeal

15

Fallacy

A logical fallacy is an error in reasoning

16

Inductive reasoning

Method of reasoning or argument in which general statements and conclusions are drawn from specific principles

17

Logo's

Logical appeal

18

Mode of discourse

The way in which information is presented in written or spoken form

19

Non sequitur

A conclusion or statement that is not logically follow from the previous argument or statement

20

Pathos

Empathetic appeal

21

Propaganda

Writing that seeks to persuade through appeals rather than logical proof

22

Rhetorical question

Question that is not expected to be answered

23

Syllogism

Form of logical argument that derives a conclusion from two propositions sharing a common term

24

Toulmin

Form of argument which data is presented and proven to either be a warrant or a claim

25

Elizabethan drama

English comic and tragic plays produced during the renaissance

26

Enlightenment

Philosophical movement of the 18th century which affected Europe and America

27

Neoclassicism

Revival in the 17th and 18th century's of classical standards of order/balance in literature

28

Romanticism

Refers to literary movement that florist in Britain and Europe throughout much of the 19th century

29

Surrealism

A movement in art and literature emphasizing the expression of the imagination as realized in dreams and presented without conscious control

30

Anadiplosis

Repeating the end of a word of a clause at the beginning of the next one