literary terms Flashcards Preview

english > literary terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in literary terms Deck (37)
Loading flashcards...
0

the sequence of events in a story (exposition, conflict, rising action, climax, turning point, falling action, resolution)

plot

1

introduction of setting, characters, and basic situation

exposition

2

struggle between opposing forces (man vs. man, man vs. group(society), man vs. himself/herself, man vs. nature)

conflict

3

the event or character that triggers the conflict

inciting force

4

events leading to the climax

rising action

5

item of utmost importance; point of highest interest and emotional response to a reader; turning point of a story

climax

6

events leading to the resolution

falling action

7

the final unwinding, or resolving, of the conflicts and complications in the plot

resolution

8

the narrative method in a piece of writing (whos telling the story)

point of view

9

the writer lets only one of the characters tell the story(this person speaks as "I")

first person pov

10

the story is narrated by someone who stands outside the story, but also sees everything from the limited vantage point of only one character

limited 3rd person pov

11

the narrator is an "all knowing" observer who can describe all the characters and actions in the story as well as comment on wha the characters feel (allows us to see into the minds of all the characters[thoughts or feelings of more than one character])

omnicent pov

12

the time and place where the action of the story takes place

setting

13

the method writers use to define a character (character is revealed through physical description, dialogue, characters thoughts or actions, and reactions of other characters)

characterization

14

the author makes specific statements about the character

direct characterization

15

a character is revealed by the way he or she speaks, thinks, or acts

indirect characterization

16

central character in a literary work

protagonist

17

character who stands in direct opposition to or in conflict with the protagonist

antagonist

18

the main idea or message that the author wishes to share with the reader. a writer rarely states the what it is directly. the writer will leave hints so the reader must infer what it is

theme

19

the attitude the writer takes toward a subject or audience. a writers can have a lighthearded, cynical, affectionate, bitter, scornful, compassionate, detached, so on...

tone

20

the feeling the writer creates for the reader. there are several ways it can be established (descriptions of the setting, what characters say, the use of imagery, and figurative language can all be usd to develope this)

mood

21

pictoral quality achieved through a collection of images

imagery

22

a reference to a person or thing the writer expects the reader to recognize

allusion

23

an expression that could have more than one interpertation(slow children at play)

double entendre

24

an interlude in a story in which an event that took place earlier momentarily interrupts the storys actions

flashback

25

hint or suggestion of a coming event

foreshadowing

26

involves a difference, or discrepancy btween what appears to be true and what really is true(appearance vs. reality)

irony

27

a speaker says the opposite of what he or she means

verbal irony

28

the discrepancy is between what a character says(or thinks) and wwwhat the reader knows is true(the character is not aware of what the reader knows is true

dramatic irony

29

occurs when a situation turns out to be different from what we expected

situational irony

30

A comparison of two unlike things

metaphor

31

A comparison of two things using like or as

simile

32

use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning ( boom boom pow )

onomatopoeia

33

A figure of speech in which to contradiction words or phrases are combined in a single expression (jumbo shrimp, wise fool)

oxymoron

34

giving human qualities/actions to an animate objects

personification

35

anything that stands for something else

symbol

36

repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of the words or within words ( The lanky long-legged llama licked the lollipop )

Alliteration