Literature Flashcards Preview

Sat > Literature > Flashcards

Flashcards in Literature Deck (43)
Loading flashcards...
0
Q

Alliteration

A

The use of a repeated consonant sound, usually at the beginning of a series of words.

1
Q

Allegory

A

A story with underlying symbols that really represent something else. A character can be allegorical.

2
Q

Allusion

A

An indirect reference to something or someone, usually literary.

3
Q

Anachronism

A

Placing a person or object in an inappropriate historical situation. It can be deliberate or unintentional.

4
Q

Analogy

A

A comparison used to explain something else

5
Q

Anecdote

A

A short narrative, story, or tale.

6
Q

Antagonist

A

The major character opposing the protagonist. Usually the villain.

7
Q

Anthropomorphism

A

Assigning human attributes, such as emotions or physical characteristics, to nonhuman things. Often used for attributing human characteristics to animals. Similar to personification except anthropomorphism is for animals personification is for everything.

8
Q

Diction

A

Is the authors choice of word and sentence structure, talking into account correctness, clearness, and effectiveness. Four levels of diction: formal, informal, colloquial, and slang

9
Q

Elegy

A

A mournful and melon holy poem or song, usually to pay tribute to a deceased person.

10
Q

Emphasis

A

Special forcefulness of expression that gives importance to something singled out

11
Q

Fable

A

A story that has a moral, usually involving animals as the main characters

12
Q

Figurative language

A

Language characterized by figures of speech such as metaphors and similes such as well elaborate expression through imagery

13
Q

Hyperbole

A

A deliberate exaggeration

14
Q

Imagery

A

Imagery is an author’s use of descriptive and figurative language used to create a picture in the reader’s mind’s eyes

15
Q

Indirect dialogue

A

Language that communicates what was expressed in the dialogue, without using a direct quotation

16
Q

Irony

A

An expression of meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning

17
Q

Meaning

A

Something that one wishes to convey, especially by language

18
Q

Metaphor

A

A metaphor is a comparison like a simile, but it doesn’t she the words “like” or “as”. It’s subtler.

19
Q

Meter

A

The rhythm of a poem. The most common meter is iambic

20
Q

Narrative

A

A literary representation of an event or story (the text itself)

21
Q

Onomatopoeia

A

A word intended to simulate the actual sound of the thing or action it described

22
Q

Oxymoron

A

A phrase in which the words are contradictory

23
Q

Paean

A

An expression of joyful praise

24
Q

Parable

A

A story that has a moral. The story of the Good Samaritan is a famous parable from the bible

25
Q

Paradox

A

This is a phrase that appears to be contradictory but that actually contains some basic truth that resolves the apparent contradiction

26
Q

Parallelism

A

The repetition of sounds, meanings, or structures to create a certain style

27
Q

Parody

A

A literary work in which the style of an author is imitated for comic effect or ridicule

28
Q

Pastoral

A

A work that deals with the lives of people, especially shepherds, in the country or in nature (as opposed to city)

29
Q

Pathos

A

Something that evokes a feeling of pity or sympathy. Think of the word “pathetic”. A pathetic person adds an element of pathos to a story.

30
Q

Personification

A

Assigning human attributes to something nonhuman

31
Q

Perspective

A

The view meant from which the narrator or character sees things

32
Q

Point of view

A

The vantage point from which a story is presented to a reader. First and third are most common.

33
Q

Protagonist

A

The main character, usually a hero

34
Q

Rhyme scheme

A

The way that a poem’s rhymes are arranged. This is indicated by marking each like with a letter of the alphabet

35
Q

Satire

A

Ridicule of a subject

36
Q

Simile

A

A simile is a comparison of two things using the words “like” or “as”

37
Q

Stanza

A

The divisions in a poem, like a paragraph in a prose

38
Q

Structure

A

The framework of a work of literature; the organization or overall design; often provides clues to character and action

39
Q

Style

A

The author’s unique manner of expression; the author’s voice

40
Q

Syntax

A

The ordering of words into meaningful patterns such as phrases, clauses, and sentences; poets often manipulate syntax, changing order to draw attention to words or phrases

41
Q

Theme

A

The central meaning or dominant idea in a literary work; theme provides a unifying point around which the plot, characters, setting, point of view, symbols are organized

42
Q

Tone

A

Style or manner of expression