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Flashcards in LO Past test- questions Deck (23)
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True or false? (1)
An addictive substance is a substance that causes a person to become reliant on it.



True or false? (1)
Euphoria is a false feeling of extreme sadness.



True or false? (1)
Recreational substances are substances that are taken for pleasure and relaxation.



True or false? (1)
All substance abuse involves illegal substances.



True or false? (1)
Dagga is a legal substance to sell and make profit from.



True or false? (1)
Solvents are liquid substances normally sniffed to cause a 'high.'



True or false? (1)
Alcohol is the gateway drug.



True or false? (1)
Heroin is a depressant drug.



True or false? (1)
Sharing needles while taking injection drugs can lead to HIV infection.



True or false? (1)
Acting paranoid can be a symptom of substance abuse.



Define 'substance abuse.' (1)

Substances abuse is using substances in the wrong way for the effect it has on the body. However, substance abuse can lead to life long scars (both physically and mentally). It is possible that even after trying drugs once, one can start to rely on them. This is called addiction.


Why do you think many young people turn to substance abuse? (3)

Many young people turn to substance abuse because they...
1. give in to peer pressure
2. have a low self esteem
3. are trying to escape problems they don't know how to fix
4. they are experimenting
5. they grew up in a home where substance abuse is normal


Name the five forms that drugs come in. (5)



Name three drugs which are recreational but can be very harmful. (3)

Alcohol, cigarrettes and caffeine.


Drugs can be divided into three categories. Discuss the difference between each and how it affects the body. Provide an example for each one. (10)

OPIATES- these copy the brains endorphins (feel-good. hormones) and makes a person feel relaxed and calm, bringing about a peaceful state of euphoria. E.g, opium.

STIMULANTS- speed up the messages to the brain and along the nerves. They heighten the senses and make one experience things in a more intense manner. E.g, caffeine.

DEPRESSANTS- slow down the messages to the brain and along the nerves. They help mask a person's emotions and give them a false sense of peace. E.g, dagga


Name the four ways that substances can be taken. (4)

Swallowing, snorting/sniffing, smoking, or injecting the substance.


The impact of substance abuse shows itself as various symptoms. You suspect that a close friend is using drugs. Name three physical symptoms and three behavioural symptoms that you can lookout for to verify your suspicion. (6)

- dramatic weight loss or gain
- red, glassy eyes
- unexplained needle mars or bruises

- academic results may decline
- the person might make new friends
- the person may suddenly stop sports, hobbies or activities they used to enjoy.


Explain why alcohol is seen as the 'gateway' drug.

Because when consumed it lowers ones' guard, making them more vulnerable to taking/trying more dangerous things such as recreational drugs.


Place the following contributory factors into the correct influence category: (8)
-personality traits
- genetics
- family
- beliefs
- advertising of alcohol
- school rules
- home situation
- minimum purchase age for alcohol and cigarettes.

Intrapersonal influences:
-Personality traits

Interpersonal influences:
-Home situation

Community and social influences:
-Advertising of alcohol
-School rules
-Minimum purchase age for alcohol and cigarettes.


Discuss how the intrapersonal influences can contribute to a young person experimenting with drugs. (2)

There are a few personal influences when it comes to drugs, such as your personality traits and beliefs. Also, if a person inherits an addictive personality it is easier for them to become addicted.


Discuss how the interpersonal influences can contribute to a young person experimenting with drugs. (2)

Friends and family are perhaps the biggest influence. Many people take drugs after giving in to peer pressure. Also, if a child grows up in a home or community where it is common for people to 'do drugs,' they will grow up thinking it's ok. If a person's family members take drugs, it also makes is more likely for them to do the same. This goes for friends as well.


Discuss how the community and social influences can contribute to a young person experimenting with drugs. (2)

A big part of a person's life is their community. If they grow up in a place where drugs are advertised as good, where there is bad law enforcement or where the cost of substances is low, it is more likely that the person will turn to drugs. Also, if many people at home or in the community take drugs and it's seen as ok, a child will think that taking drugs isn't bad.


There are a number of factors that can reduce the likelihood of substance abuse. Provide 5 factors, explaining each.

- Choose your friends carefully
- Choose good role models
- Exercise
- Educate yourself about drugs
- Share your problems with someone you trust