Locomotion Flashcards Preview

Biology > Locomotion > Flashcards

Flashcards in Locomotion Deck (22):
1

Locomotion

The ability of an organism to move from one place to another

2

Motile

Able to move

3

Sessile

Staying still

4

Advantages of being motile

. Finding food
. Running away from predators
. Finding shelter
. Finding a mate

5

Ameba

Motile pseudopods

6

Euglena

Motile flagella

7

Hydra

Sessile

8

Earthworm

Motile (muscles and setae hairs)

9

Grasshopper

Motile (exoskeleton, joined appendages, wings, legs)

10

Plant/mushroom

?

11

Bones

. Protect inner organs
. Bones have marrow that Brodie's blood cells
. Bones give the body form

12

Cartilage

Connective tissue, bendable (ex. Nose)

13

Smooth muscle

Involuntary - don't have control over it (ex. Digestive system)(no striations)

14

Skeletal muscle

Voluntary - you have control over it(ex. Muscles attached to bones, arm, leg ha

15

Cardiac muscle

Involuntary- you don't have control over it (heart muscle)

16

Flexor

Biceps

17

Extensor

Triceps

18

Antagonists

Can't flex and extend at the same time

19

Tendons

Attach muscle to bone (connective tissue)

20

Ligament

Attach bone to bone (connective tissue)

21

Tendonitis

Inflammation of tendons

22

Arthritis

Inflammation of joints