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Flashcards in locomotion Deck (19)
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1

give 3 examples of structures in our axial skeleton

- head
- neck
- trunk

2

give 2 examples of structures in our appendicular skeleton

- limbs
- pectoral and pelvic girdle

3

what is cartilage?

a resilient, semirigid connective tissue found in areas of flexibility

4

what type of cartilage is found where two bones meet and acts to reduce friction?

articular

5

which type of cartilage doesn't have its own internal blood supply?

avascular

6

name 6 functions of bone?

- support
- protection
- mechanical basis
- storage (Ca)
- new cell production
- Ca release

7

there are two types of bone, spongy and compact, what are they distinguished by?

amount of solid matter and size of space

8

long bones are what shape?

tubular

9

short bones are what shape?

cuboidal

10

what is the diaphysis known as?

shaft

11

which bones have lots of red marrow?

skull, hip, sternum

12

where in a bone is red marrow found?

top and bottom

13

what is a bone marrow biopsy called?

trophine biopsy

14

where is a trophine biopsy taken from ?

hip

15

what is yellow marrow and where in the bone is it found?

fat - in middle

16

how does the medial anatomical plane divide the body?

into equal left and right parts, divides body 1/2 way down centre

17

how does a sagittal anatomical plane divide the body?

into unequal left and right

18

how does the frontal anatomical plane divide the body?

into anterior and posterior

19

how does the traverse anatomical plane divide the body?

into top and bottom