Flashcards in locomotion Deck (19)
give 3 examples of structures in our axial skeleton
give 2 examples of structures in our appendicular skeleton
- pectoral and pelvic girdle
what is cartilage?
a resilient, semirigid connective tissue found in areas of flexibility
what type of cartilage is found where two bones meet and acts to reduce friction?
which type of cartilage doesn't have its own internal blood supply?
name 6 functions of bone?
- mechanical basis
- storage (Ca)
- new cell production
- Ca release
there are two types of bone, spongy and compact, what are they distinguished by?
amount of solid matter and size of space
long bones are what shape?
short bones are what shape?
what is the diaphysis known as?
which bones have lots of red marrow?
skull, hip, sternum
where in a bone is red marrow found?
top and bottom
what is a bone marrow biopsy called?
where is a trophine biopsy taken from ?
what is yellow marrow and where in the bone is it found?
fat - in middle
how does the medial anatomical plane divide the body?
into equal left and right parts, divides body 1/2 way down centre
how does a sagittal anatomical plane divide the body?
into unequal left and right
how does the frontal anatomical plane divide the body?
into anterior and posterior