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Flashcards in bones and joints Deck (33)
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1

what are the last bones in our bodies to join?

hip

2

what does ossified mean?

bones are joined

3

at what age are all bones ossified?

late 20s/early 30s

4

what is the middle part of our skeleton called?

axial skeleton

5

what are the added on bones on the side of the central part of the skeleton called?

appendicular skeleton

6

what is the function of the axial skeleton?

provide stability

7

what is the end parts of bones called?

epiphysis

8

what is the middle part of a bone called?

diaphysis

9

what is the name of the membrane that covers the outer surface of all bones?

periosteum

10

what is the name of the hyaline cartilage plate in the metaphysis at each end of a long bone?

epiphyseal plate or growth plate

11

what is the narrow portion of a long bone between the epiphysis and the diaphysis called?

metaphysic

12

what is the smooth, white tissue that covers the ends of bones where they come together to form joints called?

articular cartilage

13

there are 2 types of bone found in the body, what are they?

- cancellous/spongy/trabecular bone
- compact/cortical bone

14

which type of bone is found at the ends of long bones, as well as in the pelvic bones, ribs, skull, and the vertebrae in the spinal column?

cancellous bone

15

which type of bone forms the cortex, or hard outer shell of most bones in the body?

compact bone

16

what is the area where red and yellow bone marrow is stored called?

marrow cavity

17

name the 3 types of joints?

- synovial
- fibrous
- cartilaginous

18

describe a synovial joint

- contains synovial fluid in a capsule
- extensive movement/movable joints
- smooth cartilage

19

describe a fibrous joint

- no synovial cavity
- joint held together by dense connective tissue (rich in collagen)

20

describe a cartilaginous joint

- no synovial cavity
- little movement
- held together by cartilage

21

which type of joint shows the most movement and which shows the least?

most - synovial
least - fibrous

22

which 2 types of cartilage are present in synovial joints?

- fibrocartilage
- hyaline cartilage

23

give 3 examples of synovial joints

- elbow
- knee
- ribs

24

give 2 examples of fibrous joints?

- sutures of skull
- syndesmoses (tibia and fibula)

25

what is another name for a cartilaginous joint?

symphysis

26

give an example of a cartilaginous joint?

pelvis

27

what is C1 or the atlas?

most superior (first) cervical vertebra of the spine

28

does the atlas have a body?

no

29

how does C2 compensate for the lack of a body on the 1st cervical vertebrae?

it has body which sucks up

30

what is the dens?

C2 or 2nd cervical vertebral body