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Flashcards in Log Reasoning Deck (61)
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1

Name the 9 premise indicators

1. Because
2. Since
3. For
4. For the reason that
5. In that
6. Given that
7. As indicated by
8. Due to
9. Furthermore

2

Name the 9 conclusion indicators

1. Thus
2. Therefore
3. Hence
4. Consequently
5. As a result
6. So
7. Accordingly
8. It follows
9. It must be that

3

What are the 13 question stems

1. Must be true
2. Main point
3. Point at issue/point of agreement
4. Assumption
5. Justify the conclusion
6. Strengthen/support
7. Resolve the paradox
8. Weaken
9. Method of reasoning
10. Flaw in the reasoning
11. Parallel reasoning
12. Evaluate the argument
13. Cannot be true

4

What type of question?

Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the statements above?

Must be true

5

What type of question?

Which of the following is best illustrated by the statements above?

Must be true

6

What type of question?

If the statements above are true, which one of the following must also be true on the basis of them?

Must be true

7

What type of question?

Which one of the following can be properly concluded from the claims in the advertisement?

Must be true

8

What type of question?

Which one of the following statements is an inference that can be drawn from the information given in the passage?

Must be true

9

What type of question?

The essayists statements, if true, most strongly support which of the following?

Must be true

10

What type of question?

If the statements above are true, which one of the following must be true about the ____?

Must be true

11

What type of question?

The researchers statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?

Must be true

12

What type of question?

Which one of the following can be logically concluded from the information above?

Must be true

13

What type of question?

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the conclusion drawn by the citizen?

Main point

14

What type of question?

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the conclusion of the ______ argument as a whole?

Main point

15

What type of question?

Which one of the following best expresses the main conclusion of the argument above?

Main point

16

What is this argument element?
Furthermore

Additional premise indicator

17

What is this argument element?
Moreover

Additional premise indicator

18

What is this argument element?
Besides

Additional premise indicator

19

What is this argument element?
In addition

Additional premise indicator

20

What is this argument element?
What’s more

Additional premise indicator

21

What is this argument element?
After all

Additional premise indicator

22

What is this argument element?
But

Counter premise indicator

23

What is this argument element?
Yet

Counter premise indicator

24

What is this argument element?
However

Counter premise indicator

25

What is this argument element?
On the other hand

Counter premise indicator

26

What is this argument element?
Admittedly

Counter premise indicator

27

What is this argument element?
In contrast

Counter premise indicator

28

What is this argument element?
Although

Counter premise indicator

29

What is this argument element?
Even though

Counter premise indicator

30

What is this argument element?
Still

Counter premise indicator