Logical Fallacies Flashcards Preview

Logical Fallacies > Logical Fallacies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Logical Fallacies Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

Post hock ergo Proctor hock

Assuming correlation equals causality after/with this; therefore, because of this

2

Straw man

Mischaracterizing the argument of an opponent

3

Ad hominem

Personal attack on character of opponent

4

Slippery slope

Argument that states a relatively small first step leads inevitably to a chain of related events cumulating in some significant event (for example if we ban assault weapons, soon we will band sharp knives in restaurants)

5

Begging the question

Restating the argument in other words

6

Appeal to nature

If it's natural, it's good – if it's artificial/man-made, it's bad

7

Black-and-white fallacy

Either or

8

Appeal to the past

Tradition; it has always been done like this

9

Appeal to authority

.appeal to illegitimate authority

10

Ad populum (band wagon)

Appeal to popularity – most people are in favor of gun control

11

Tu quoque

You too! Since you are guilty of the same offense, your argument against it is illogical

12

False/weak analogy

Arguing by a far-fetched correlation (video games are in addiction like cigarettes and alcohol)

13

Ethos

Assures the reader you know what you're taking about

14

Pathos

Emotion

15

Logos

Logical content ;info ;logical conclusions