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Flashcards in logical Fallacies Deck (17)
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1

Argumentum ad Hominem

Argument against the person: arguments attack a person’s character rather than reasoning out the issues

2

Red Herring

attempts to distract by shifting attention away from important issue.

3

Ad Populum (Bandwagon)

an argument that appeals to emotions of a certain group, despite being logically unsound

4

Ad Misericordia

an argument that appeals to pity

5

Non-Sequitur-

This fallacy draws conclusions from premises that do not necessarily apply

6

False Dichotomy

The either/ or fallacy that makes the assumption that there are only two options.

7

Straw Person

arguments excessively simplified an opponent’s viewpoint to argue against it more easily.

8

Begging the Question (Circular Reasoning)

: occurs when a writer assumes that a statement under dispute is in fact true; such an argument is circular

9

Sentimental Appeals

tug at an audience’s heart strings to the point of ignoring the facts , perhaps to keep the audience from disagreeing with the writer .

10

Equivocation (splitting hairs)

a statement that is parsley correct but that obscures the entire truth.

11

Faulty Analogy

is an inalige , inappropriate , or misleading comparison between two things

12

Hasty Generalization

draws conclusions from scanty .

13

Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc

After this, therefore because of this: an argument assumes causation based on the passage of time.

14

Ad Ignorantiam

An appeal to ignorance: an argument that claims something is true or false because there is no evidence .

15

Ad Ignorantiam

An appeal to ignorance: an argument that claims something is true or false because there is no evidence

16

Reductio Ad Absurdum

Reduction to the absurd

17

Slippery Slope:

when someone makes a claim about a series of events that would lead to one major event, usually a bad event.